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KEY, FRANCIS SCOTT. ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT OF ‘STAR SPANGLED BANNER’ Harris & Ewing Photographer, 1914. Harris and Ewing Collection, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division.

Richard I of England, better known as Richard the Lionheart, was the King of England from 1189 - 1199. By age 16, Richard was commanding his own army in a revolt against his father, and became a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade. He was seen as a hero by his subjects and remains an enduring iconic figure in England today.

In 1464, the most eligible bachelor in England, Edward IV, stunned the nation by revealing his secret marriage to Elizabeth Woodville, a beautiful, impoverished widow who brought her large family to court and into the thick of the Wars of the Roses.

london bridge and traitors gate - In her article on Wriothesley’s poem in the 2011 English Literary Renaissance, Lara M. Crowley recalls that while awaiting execution Southampton wrote at least two letters to the Council as well as a separate confession and a letter to Robert Cecil.