The grotto of Pan & the rock face of the mountain - imposing visuals as Jesus declared Himself the Rock on which the church would be built & that the gates of Hell would never prevail against it. (Gates of Hell: think of a Grotto into which a sacrifice would be thrown, which would then be pulled down by the current, into the earth, not to rise again). This would have driven home Jesus' claim of authority and power. Matthew 16:13-23
Crusader Banias- The entrance to the Crusader gatehouse (from inside). Crusader city gate tower in the center of the southern wall - The room of the gatehouse is long by wide & has a high ceiling & thick walls.