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Mother and daughter, American, 1941. "Mother grooming her daughter for healthiest-baby contest held at all African American fair. Memphis, TN, 1941. Photographer Alfred Eisenstaedt. Life Photo Archives © Time Inc."

Nora Holt was the first African American to earn a master's degree in the USA. Carl Van Vechten and Nora Holt at Yale, June 22, 1955

Retroramblingfrom Retrorambling

Bessie Coleman aka "Brave Bessie" or "Queen Bess”

Bessie Coleman, the daughter of a poor, southern, African American family, became one of the most famous women and African Americans in aviation history.

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Two unidentified African American Union Army soldiers, full-length portrait, wearing uniforms, seated with arms around each other's shoulders, c. 1864

Sharp Dressed Young Man, 1941 African American teenage boy dressed up for the Easter parade, Chicago, Illinois, 1941. Photographer Edwin Rosskam for the U.S. Office of War Information. Vintage African American photography courtesy of Black History Album, The Way We Were. Follow Us On Twitter @blackhistoryalb

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:::::::: Vintage Photograph ::::::::: African American children sitting on a farm tractor trailer filled with cotton that they helped pick. ca 1940

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WWII -- original caption: "Willa Beatrice Brown, a 31-year-old Negro American, serves her country by training pilots for the U.S. Army Air Forces. She is the first Negro woman to receive a commission as a Lieutenant in the U.S. Civil Air Patrol."

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Saint Elmo Brady (December 22, 1884 - December 25, 1966) was the first African American to obtain a Ph.D. degree in chemistry in the United States, which he earned in 1916 from the University of Illinois. He taught at Tuskegee, Fisk, Howard and Tougaloo, and was the first African American admitted to Phi Lambda Upsilon, the chemistry honor society. #TodayInBlackHistory

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He Documented Atrocities (1943) Sgt. William A Scott, III -- was a military photographer with the 183rd Engineer Combat Battalion Concentration Camp.His photographs recorded African-American soldiers at the liberation of the Buchenwald concentration camp. Scott's pictures are now part of a video record of the liberation of Buchenwald on display at the U.S. Holocaust Museum in Washington, D.C.

Washington Postfrom Washington Post

Adm. Michelle Howard becomes first four-star woman in Navy history

African American History.

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African American Boy African American boy holding out shoe shine box. ca. 1899 Vintage African American photography courtesy of Black History Album, The Way We Were.

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Merze Tate - (February 6, 1905 - June 27, 1996) was a professor, scholar and expert on United States diplomacy. She was the first African American graduate of Western Michigan Teachers College, first African American woman to attend the University of Oxford, first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in government and international relations from Harvard University (then Radcliffe College), as well as one of the first two female members to join the Department of History at Howard…

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Actress Nina Mae McKinney, dubbed "The Black Garbo" in Europe, was one of the first African-American film stars in the United States and was one of the first African Americans to appear on British television.

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Many Native Americans welcomed African Americans into their villages. Even as slaves many African Americans became part of a family group, and many intermarried with Native Americans - thus many later became classified as Black Indians.

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