Margaret Butler helps assemble the ORACLE computer with Oak Ridge National Laboratory engineer Rudolph Klein. In 1953, ORACLE was the world’s fastest computer. Designed at Argonne, it was constructed at Oak Ridge. Butler was a pioneering scientist who spent her career at the forefront of computer science and nuclear energy. Her spirit, drive, and analytical talents led to a lifetime of scientific contributions during an era when women were a rarity in a major scientific setting.
Women @ Energy: Susannah Green Tringe "I think it's important to expose kids to science and scientists early, so they're comfortable thinking about science as something they can do. I also think labs and universities could do more to make scientific careers compatible with raising a family, which would benefit all young scientists and reduce attrition." Read more from Susannah here.
Marie Curie (1867-1934) Two-time Nobel laureate Marie Curie discovered polonium and radium, founded the concept of radiology and — above all — made the possibility of a scientific career seem within reach for countless girls and women around the world. The first woman to receive the Nobel Prize and the first female Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Sciences at the Sorbonne in Paris, Curie was beloved by her colleagues for her calm, singular focus, lack of pretense and professional drive. Her work with radiation is now part of the most sophisticated cancer-treatment protocols in the world, though she herself succumbed to leukemia after decades of daily radiation exposure.
Susana Reyes is a nuclear engineer at the Livermore Lab, and also the 2012 recipient of the American Nuclear Society Mary Jane Oestmann Professional Women's Achievement Award. In this photo, Susana shares career information with students at a local science and technology career fair.
Two-time Nobel laureate Marie Curie discovered polonium and radium, founded the concept of radiology and — above all — made the possibility of a scientific career seem within reach for countless girls and women around the world. The first woman to receive the Nobel Prize and the first female Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Sciences at the Sorbonne in Paris, Curie was beloved by her colleagues for her calm, singular focus, lack of pretense and professional drive.
This is heinous. In Iran, due to government pressure, "over 30 universities have agreed to ban women from about 80 different degrees such as engineering, business, nuclear physics, and computer science (you know, the ones that can potentially steer women toward power and financial freedom)."
WOMEN IN ASTRONOMY: VERA RUBIN Vera Rubin was born in 1928 in Philadelphia. She earned her B.A. in 1948 at the women’s college Vassar, as the only student majoring in astronomy that year. Pursuing an academic career in science was not straightforward for women at the time. Princeton University didn’t accept female graduate students until 1975. Vera Rubin pursued her Master’s degree in physics at Cornell University and her PhD at Georgetown University, which she earned in 1954.
Scientist Rosalind Franklin made the first clear X-ray images of DNA’s structure. Her work was described as the most beautiful X-ray photographs ever taken. Franklin’s ‘Photo 51’ informed Crick and Watson of DNA’s double helix structure for which they were awarded a Nobel Prize. Franklin died of ovarian cancer in 1958, aged 37, her contribution to DNA’s discovery story unacknowledged.
Mildred Adams Fenton (1899-1995) was an American scientist, who wrote or co-authored (with her husband) dozens of textbooks on geology and earth science, including "The Rock Book" (1940), a popular classic.