Women @ Energy: Susannah Green Tringe "I think it's important to expose kids to science and scientists early, so they're comfortable thinking about science as something they can do. I also think labs and universities could do more to make scientific careers compatible with raising a family, which would benefit all young scientists and reduce attrition." Read more from Susannah here.
Roger Arliner Young (1889–1964) was a zoologist and biologist and the first African-American woman to receive a doctorate in zoology. During her long career she studied radiation, paramecium, and hydration and dehydration of living cells. | 34 American Lady Scientists Who Changed The World
Marie Curie (1867-1934) Two-time Nobel laureate Marie Curie discovered polonium and radium, founded the concept of radiology and — above all — made the possibility of a scientific career seem within reach for countless girls and women around the world. The first woman to receive the Nobel Prize and the first female Professor of General Physics in the Faculty of Sciences at the Sorbonne in Paris, Curie was beloved by her colleagues for her calm, singular focus, lack of pretense and professional drive. Her work with radiation is now part of the most sophisticated cancer-treatment protocols in the world, though she herself succumbed to leukemia after decades of daily radiation exposure.
Aeronautical engineer Laurel van der Wal had a career as a model, art instructor, & deputy sheriff before training to be a pilot. At UC she became an aeronautical engineer, winning the Society of Women Engineers Achievement Award in '61 when she was head of bioastronautics at Space Technology Labs. The press release emphasized that the "pretty head of bioastronautics at Space Technology Laboratories, Inc." was a "former model" even though LA Times had just named her Woman Scientist of the Year.
This is heinous. In Iran, due to government pressure, "over 30 universities have agreed to ban women from about 80 different degrees such as engineering, business, nuclear physics, and computer science (you know, the ones that can potentially steer women toward power and financial freedom)."
WOMEN IN ASTRONOMY: VERA RUBIN Vera Rubin was born in 1928 in Philadelphia. She earned her B.A. in 1948 at the women’s college Vassar, as the only student majoring in astronomy that year. Pursuing an academic career in science was not straightforward for women at the time. Princeton University didn’t accept female graduate students until 1975. Vera Rubin pursued her Master’s degree in physics at Cornell University and her PhD at Georgetown University, which she earned in 1954.
Libbie Henrietta Hyman (1888-1969) graduated from the University of Chicago in 1910 and earned a Ph.D. degree from Chicago in 1915. She stayed at the university with an appointment as a research assistant until 1931 because, despite her pioneering work on classification of invertebrates and her publication volume (six major books and over 100 articles), other universities would not hire her because she was Jewish. In 1937 she was appointed as a research associate at the American Museum of Nat...