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Florence Nightingale Taken: 1858 Discovered: 2006 Florence Nightingale is one of nursing’s most important figures. She gained worldwide attention for her work as a nurse during the Crimean War. She was dubbed “The Lady with the Lamp” after her habit of making rounds at night to tend to injured soldiers. Early photographs of Florence Nightingale are very rare because she was extremely reluctant to be photographed, partly for religious reasons

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Florence Nightingale - Victorian Feminist and Medical Reformist

Florence Nightingale.- She is a ‘ministering angel’ without any exaggeration in these hospitals, and as her slender form glides quietly along each corridor, every poor fellow's face softens with gratitude at the sight of her. When all the medical officers have retired for the night and silence and darkness have settled down upon those miles of prostrate sick, she may be observed alone, with a little lamp in her hand, making her solitary rounds. (Wiki)

Clara Barton:1821-1912) - Civil War nurse, founder of the American Red Cross. Barton refused to take a salary from the government's treasury & dedicated herself aiding soldiers on the front.  Never had women been allowed in hospitals, camps or battlefields;  initially, military & civil officials refused her help.  Eventually, she gained their trust & began receiving supplies from all over the country.  As a result of her untiring work, she became known as the "Angel of the Battlefield."

Agnes von Kurowsky, the American WWI nurse who inspired Hemingway to create Catherine Blakely of Farewell to Arms ~

“An eighteen year old boy is carried into the shock ward, and he looks up at my trustingly asking, “How am I doing, nurse?” I just kiss his forehead and say, “You are doing just fine soldier.” He smiles sweetly and says, “I was just checking,” Then he dies. We all cry in private. But not in front of the boys. Never in front of the boys.” - June Wandrey, WWII in HD

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The Public Health Nurse

The Public Health Nurse -- riding the trails of Kentucky, or upstate New York, or other isolated communities. A heroic figure.

Nurses in WWl. The first war that allowed nurses to serve openly. Made possible by the Army Nurse Corps.

Geraldine Doyle, who was the inspiration behind the famous Rosie the Riveter poster.

Nella Larsen, an acclaimed novelist of the Harlem Renaissance, became the first African American woman to win a prestigious Guggenheim Fellowship. Most famous for her two books, "Passing" and "Quicksand", she disappeared from the public eye after a plagiarism accusation and a high-profile divorce. She spent the last 30 years of her life in obscurity as a nurse in New York City. (The plagiarism was never proven. rw)

Almost  70 years ago Lorna Johnston's life was hell ... as a prisoner of war in Yokohoma, Japan, surviving on eating the glue off envelopes. The 96-year-old Kohimarama resident is the only survivor of a group of 76 Australian POW nurses and is returning to Japan, the country that caused her so much pain, this time for an official apology.


W. Eugene Smith's Landmark Photo Essay, 'Nurse Midwife'

Maude Callen on duty. In December 1951, LIFE published one of the most extraordinary photo essays ever to appear in the magazine. In W. Eugene Smith’s pictures, the story of a tireless South Carolina nurse and midwife named Maude Callen working in the rural South in the 1950s. She served as “doctor, dietician, psychologist, bail-goer and friend” to thousands of poor (most of them desperately poor) patients — only two percent of whom were white.

In 1914 an 18-year-old girl called Mairi Chisholm set out for London on her motor bike to see how she could help the war effort. She teamed up with a nurse called Elsie Knocker, who shared her spirit of adventure, and the pair of them went on to spend an incredible four years treating the wounded on the front line. They were the only women to live and work in the Belgian front-line trenches during the First World War.

Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson was a professor of natural history (physics) and artillery at VMI when the Civil War started. He wasn't always admired then, as he "exhibited rigorous Calvinist beliefs."