Nobel de Literatura en 1911: Maurice Maeterlinck (Bélgica). Otorgado "en reconocimiento a sus actividades literarias, y en especial a sus obras dramáticas, que se distinguen por una mucha imaginación y fantasía poética, que revela una inspiración profunda, mientras que de forma misteriosa apela a los sentimientos de los lectores y estimula su imaginación".
Mikhail Aleksandrovich Sholokhov, The Nobel Prize in Literature 1965: "for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people", prose
The Nobel Prize in Literature 1965 was awarded to Mikhail Sholokhov "for the artistic power and integrity with which, in his epic of the Don, he has given expression to a historic phase in the life of the Russian people".
Joseph Brodsky was born in Leningrad on May 24, 1940. He left school at the age of fifteen, taking jobs in a morgue, a mill, a ship’s boiler room, and a geological expedition. During this time Brodsky taught himself English and Polish and began writing poetry. Brodsky was exiled from the Soviet Union in 1972 after serving 18 months of a five-year sentence in a labor camp in northern Russia.