"Runners of the woods" was an French-Canadian who traveled in New France and the interior of North. Early fur trade era this meant circumventing the normal channels by going deeper into the wilderness to trade. Later it involved trading without permission from the French authorities. They ventured into hostile Iroquois territory to trade various European items for furs, especially beaver pelts, and learned the trades and practices of the Native people who inhabited there.

Canadian Fur Trade Post

"LONE TRAPPER" by Alfredo RodrIguez. A bearded, grizzled old mountain man is an invention of writers and popular culture. Most mountain men during the days of the Rocky Mt. Fur Trade, 1824-1849, were very young - between 19-23 years of age. About the oldest man in the mts during that period was David Jackson who was in his 40s. Only young men could withstand the hard year-round life in the mountains. However, I love the depiction and all of Alfredo's work.

At a mere 15-years old he was lynched from a bridge over the North Canadian River in what the newspapers called at the time: "a Negro Settlement", about six miles west of Okemah, Oklahoma. His mother was also lynched.

Much of the tobacco in the fur trade was sold in rope from by the foot | Museum of the Fur Trade

The Vikings feared, yet admired bears, for their sheer power, courage, and the fact that they are the only wild creatures of the north, that are not scared of man! That's why the elite warriors, the Berserkers, evoked their "bear spirit" by using hallucinogenic drugs. Though they hunted bears for their furs, young orphaned cubs were often raised as "pets".

Great painting

trapper camp

The Long Road to Victory | WNC Magazine (Overmountain Men) (my relatives - at least one who is my 6th-ggrandfather)

Map of North America's Tribes

"Checking the Traps" -Fur Trade Era Paintings by John Phelps

Coureur de bois, french woods runners. Fur traders.

In the fur trade -Aboriginals and Métis were the map-makers,trappers, hunters, rowers, guides, middlemen. Artist and date unknown.

Too provocative for the Puritans, too warlike for the Quakers, too uncivilized for the Cavaliers, the Scots-Irish were encouraged to head to the backcountry. "They would have to live in a lawless hinterland beyond the reach of civilization...It was an easy choice. If there was ever a race bred to tame the frontier, it was King Billy's boys, who were already heading south along wild rivers and through perilous valleys into unexplored wilderness." (fm "The Other Irish," p27) Russ Docken A...

Henry S. Yount was an American Civil War soldier, mountain man, professional hunter and trapper, prospector, wilderness guide and packer, seasonal employee of the United States Department of the Interior who was the first surveyor of animals in Yellowstone Park and is credited as the father of the national park ranger service.

Jim Baker, Mountain Man. Definition of Tough Guy. My husband better be something like this guy! ~Bailee

Standing Rules of Rogers’ Rangers #20: Let the enemy come till he’s almost close enough to touch. Then let him have it, jump out and finish him with your hatchet.

This is a great picture, Mountain Man trapper and what a horse, big and stout

fur traders and mountain men - Google Search

Despite the original pinner these are colonials. Most likely depicting the scots Irish of the middle Appalachians.

Top Left to Bottom Right; Sergeant Regiment de La Reine, Dragoon of the Corps of Cavalry of Franco Canada, Ranger, Rogers Rangers Soldier of aVirginian Regiment.