"Runners of the woods" was an French-Canadian who traveled in New France and the interior of North. Early fur trade era this meant circumventing the normal channels by going deeper into the wilderness to trade. Later it involved trading without permission from the French authorities. They ventured into hostile Iroquois territory to trade various European items for furs, especially beaver pelts, and learned the trades and practices of the Native people who inhabited there.
The fur Traders (coureur des bois) with Natives. A coureur des bois or coureur de bois (French pronunciation: [kuʁœʁ də bwa]), runners of the woods; plural: coureurs de bois) was an independent entrepreneurial French-Canadian woodsman who traveled in New France and interior of North America. They ventured into the woods usually to trade various European items for furs, especially beaver pelts, and along the way, learned the trades and practices of the Native people who inhabited there.
Carte du territoire de la Confédération Iroquoise en 1600. Elle montre les Cinq Nations d'Est en Ouest : les Mohawk, les Oneida, les Onondaga, les Cayuga et les Seneca. Source: Steven Schoenherr, Department of History, University of San Diego. http://homepage.mac.com/oldtownman/index.html
Too provocative for the Puritans, too warlike for the Quakers, too uncivilized for the Cavaliers, the Scots-Irish were encouraged to head to the backcountry. "They would have to live in a lawless hinterland beyond the reach of civilization...It was an easy choice. If there was ever a race bred to tame the frontier, it was King Billy's boys, who were already heading south along wild rivers and through perilous valleys into unexplored wilderness." (fm "The Other Irish," p27) Russ Docken…
A portrait of William Lee "Bill" Golden, who is one of the world-renowned Country Western singing group "The Oak Ridge Boys". William Lee is an avid history buff, especially the American Mountain Man and fur trade rendezvous era and he and the artist, David Wright, have camped together at primitive Tipi rendezvous. http://www.davidwrightart.com/view.php%3FimageID%3D154
"LONE TRAPPER" by Alfredo RodrIguez. A bearded, grizzled old mountain man is an invention of writers and popular culture. Most mountain men during the days of the Rocky Mt. Fur Trade, 1824-1849, were very young - between 19-23 years of age. About the oldest man in the mts during that period was David Jackson who was in his 40s. Only young men could withstand the hard year-round life in the mountains. However, I love the depiction and all of Alfredo's work.