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    Quaker Guns near Manassas, VA.  During the initial stages of the Civil War, before First Manassas (Bull Run), the Confederate forces knew that the Federal troops were watching them from balloons in Alexandria.  In order to fool the Federal troops that they were heavier fortified than they really were, they used "Quaker Guns" which were chopped down tree trunks, and painted them black and pretended they were cannon.

    Soldiers' graves on the Battlefield of Manassas (Bull Run), VA

    Two photographers having lunch in the Bull Run area before the second battle, 1862

    Soldiers killed during the First Battle of Bull Run, possibly the earliest surviving Civil War photograph to document the dead after a battle, July 1861.

    Bull Run, Manassas, Virginia. This was the first major Civil War battle in Virginia, July 21, 1861. Bull Run is a beautiful little creek.

    Two 150-year-old dolls have been x-rayed in a bid to discover if they were used by Confederate soldiers to smuggle medical supplies past Union blockades during the U.S. Civil War. It is thought the large dolls – Nina and Lucy Ann – had their hollowed out papier-mache heads stuffed with quinine or morphine for wounded and malaria-stricken Confederate troops.

    A Confederate arsenal

    Soldier getting ready to get on his horse and go to war

    Brigadier General Irvin McDowell who was defeated at First Bull Run / First Manassas died May 4th 1885.

    Manassas, Virginia; Confederate fortifications, with Federal soldiers.

    Bull Run Manassas Battlefield

    Ft. Sumter was one of two US federal ports still held by the Union in the seceded South Carolina. On April 10, 1861 the Confederate Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard demanded the evacuation of Union troops. When the union refused, the Confederates attacked at 0430, signalling the start of a 4 year long bloody Civil War.

    July 21, 1861 Battle of First Manassas (Bull Run), Virginia. Miss Barton attends Federal wounded as they arrive in Washington, D.C. Establishes a distribution agency after receiving additional supplies following an advertisement in the Worcester (Massachusetts) Spy.

    Confederate Soldier

    1861-1865, Nashville, Tennessee, Confederate States of America --- Two wounded Federal soldiers are cared for by Anne Bell, a nurse during the American Civil War.

    General Robert E. Lee- Mathew Brady’s Last Wartime Photograph Mathew B. Brady (American, near Lake George, New York 1823?–1896 New York) Date: 1865 Medium: Albumen silver print from glass negative Dimensions: Image: 14 × 9.3 cm (5 1/2 × 3 11/16 in.) Classification: Photographs Credit Line: Gilman Collection, Museum Purchase, 2005 Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, on April 9, 1865. The Civil War was over. If not whole, the nation was at least reunited, and the slow recovery of Reconstruction could begin. As soon as he heard that Lee had left Appomattox and returned to Richmond, Mathew B. Brady headed there with his camera equipment. The Lees’ Franklin Street residence had survived the fires that had devastated many of the commercial sections of the city. Through the kindness of Mrs. Lee and a Confederate colonel, Brady received permission to photograph the general on April 16, 1865, just two days after President Lincoln’s assassination. Brady’s portrait of General Lee holding his hat, on his own back porch, is one of the most reflective and thoughtful wartime likenesses. The fifty-eight-year-old Confederate hero poses in the uniform he had worn at the surrender. It would be Brady’s last wartime photograph.

    Civil War beauty

    Cannon perched at Fort Sumter.

    A Black Union Solder and his wife during The Civil War

    Portrait of Black Union Soldier 1864

    American Civil War. Confederate common soldier