Baroque: Peter Paul Rubens, Elevation of the Cross, from Saint Walburga, 1610, oil on wood. Rubens was one of the most prolific and sought after painters of the Baroque period, generally (although not always) defined in painting and sculpture by the representation of action and emotion in ways meant to inspire the Catholic faithful.
Abstract Expressionism: Arshile Gorky, 'Waterfall' 1943. Abstract expressionism is the term applied to new forms of abstract art developed by American painters such as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Willem de Kooning in the 1940s and 1950s, often characterized by gestural brush-strokes or mark-making, and the impression of spontaneity.
The Four Horsemen, from The ApocalypseArtist: Albrecht Dürer (German, Nuremberg 1471–1528 Nuremberg) Date: 1498 Medium: Woodcut Dimensions: Sheet: 15 1/4 x 11 7/16 in. (38.8 x 29.1 cm) Image: 15 1/4 x 11 in. (38.7 x 27.9 cm) Classification: Prints Credit Line: Gift of Junius Spencer Morgan, 1919 Accession Number: 19.73.209
Annunciation Triptych (Merode Altarpiece) Workshop of Robert Campin (ca. 1427–32) "The Annunciation Triptych" displays the hallmarks of the emergent Early Netherlandish style. A fascination with the natural world dominates. The smallest details are meticulously worked to reflect reality on a two-dimensional plane
Like Malevich, Lissitzky believed in a new art that rejected traditional pictorial structure, centralized compositional organization, mimesis, and perspectival consistency. In this work the ladder of vividly colored forms seems to be floating through indeterminate space. Spatial relationships are complicated by the veil of white color that divides these forms from the major gray diagonal. The linkage of elements is not attributable to a mysterious magnetic pull...
Dada: Man Ray, 'Cadeau' 1921, replica 1972, Iron and nails, 178 x 94 x 126 mm. Dada was an art movement formed during the First World War in Zurich in negative reaction to the horrors and folly of the war. The art, poetry and performance produced by Dada artists is often satirical and nonsensical in nature.
Suprematism: Kasimir Malevich, 'Dynamic Suprematism' Kazimir Malevich Dynamic Suprematism 1915 or 1916, Oil on canvas 803 x 800 mm. Characterised by basic geometric forms, such as circles, squares, lines and rectangles, painted in a limited range of colours.