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Bessie Coleman, born in 1892 in Atlanta, Texas, became the world's first licensed black pilot when she was issued a license on June 15, 1921 by the Federation Aeronautique Internationale. texasgotitright.com Bessiecoleman, Woman, Africanamerican, Female Pilots, Africans American Women, Black History, Bessie Coleman, Pilots Licen, Black Women
Bessie Coleman, circa 1922. Coleman received her license in France because racial prejudice precluded lessons within the United States. Nicknamed "Brave Bessie" during her US barnstorming days, she died in a plane crash in 1926. SI-88-7993
Alonzo & Adrienne Herdon, formerly enslaved, raised in a sharecropping family after the Civil War. He studied barbering, owned and managed a string of barbershops in Atlanta; invested to become the largest Black property owner in Atlanta by 1900; founded the Atlanta Life Insurance Co.; was Atlanta's 1st Black millionaire. Their home was designed by Adrienne was a teacher at Atlanta U. They had one son, Norris. Adrienne died 3 mo. after the home was completed.
Three African American women on their way to take their licensing examination by the Texas State Board of Cosmetology ca. 1940. Photo: Franklin Papers, Houston Metropolitan Research Center, Houston Public Library.
Helen Richey was Amelia Earhart's copilot on one flight across the Atlantic. She became the first woman hired to be a pilot by a commercial airline in the US. She was the first woman licensed as an aviation instructor. She was the first woman to fly a scheduled mail flight. During WWII she commanded a group of women pilots for the British Air Transport Auxiliary, flying bombs between factories and airbases. She died by suicide at age 38
Continental Airlines honors its first black pilot by naming new 737 after him. 1st black pilot with Continental Airlines who had to go through the Supreme Court to get the job. Marlon Dewitt Green (June 6, 1929 – July 6, 2009) was an African-American pilot whose landmark United States Supreme Court decision in 1963 helped dismantle racial discrimination in the American passenger airline industry..