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Merchant ships of Convoy HX188 en route to Britain

Merchant ships of Convoy HX188 en route to Britain

In September 1940 America gave Britain 50 destroyer ships in exchange for land rights for naval and air bases on British possessions. They were of First World War age and specification, however.

In September 1940 America gave Britain 50 destroyer ships in exchange for land rights for naval and air bases on British possessions. They were of First World War age and specification, however.

HMS Newmarket was modified for trade convoy escort service by removal of three of the original 4-inch (102 mm)/50 caliber guns and one of the triple torpedo tube mounts to reduce topside weight for additional depth charge stowage and installation of hedgehog

HMS Newmarket was modified for trade convoy escort service by removal of three of the original 4-inch (102 mm)/50 caliber guns and one of the triple torpedo tube mounts to reduce topside weight for additional depth charge stowage and installation of hedgehog

Losses: 36,200 sailors 36,000 merchant seamen	 3,500 merchant vessels	 175 warships

Losses: 36,200 sailors 36,000 merchant seamen 3,500 merchant vessels 175 warships

Canada's Merchant Navy was vital to the Allied cause during World War II. More than 70 Canadian merchant vessels were lost. 1,600 merchant sailors were killed, including eight women. Information obtained by British agents regarding German shipping movements led Canada to conscript all its merchant vessels two weeks before actually declaring war, with the Royal Canadian Navy taking control of all shipping August 26, 1939.

Canada's Merchant Navy was vital to the Allied cause during World War II. More than 70 Canadian merchant vessels were lost. 1,600 merchant sailors were killed, including eight women. Information obtained by British agents regarding German shipping movements led Canada to conscript all its merchant vessels two weeks before actually declaring war, with the Royal Canadian Navy taking control of all shipping August 26, 1939.

Battle of the Atlantic: Allied Convoys

The Battle of the North Atlantic: Allied Convoys

The damaged tanker OHIO, supported by Royal Navy destroyers HMS PENN (left) and HMS LEDBURY (right), approaches Malta after an epic voyage across the Mediterranean as part of convoy WS21S (Operation Pedestal) to deliver fuel and other vital supplies to the besieged island. OHIO's back was broken and her engines failed during earlier German and Italian attacks.

The damaged tanker OHIO, supported by Royal Navy destroyers HMS PENN (left) and HMS LEDBURY (right), approaches Malta after an epic voyage across the Mediterranean as part of convoy WS21S (Operation Pedestal) to deliver fuel and other vital supplies to the besieged island. OHIO's back was broken and her engines failed during earlier German and Italian attacks.

Battle of Atlantic-Oct 1941 the Mid Ocean Meeting Point (MOMP) at 22'W, the USN escorted HX, and joint RN/RCN groups the slower SC convoys. RN ships based in Iceland then took over until the convoys were met by Western Approaches escorts operating out of Londonderry, Northern Ireland

Battle of Atlantic-Oct 1941 the Mid Ocean Meeting Point (MOMP) at 22'W, the USN escorted HX, and joint RN/RCN groups the slower SC convoys. RN ships based in Iceland then took over until the convoys were met by Western Approaches escorts operating out of Londonderry, Northern Ireland

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