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Detail of a portrait of Sir Franics Walsingham (1536-1589). Walsingham succeeded Burghley as Secretary of State in 1573. He acted as Ambassador to Scotland, France and the Netherlands, while acting as Queen Elizabeth I's "spymaster". It was Walsingham's network that uncovered the Mary, the so-called Queen of Scot's treachery and the Babington Plot.

Sir Francis Walshingham by John De Critz the Elder, c.1587. (National Portrait Gallery, London) Sir Francis Walsingham, Principal Secretary 1573–1590. Being Elizabeth's spymaster, he uncovered several plots against her life.

Etching found in an antique shop. Queen Elizabeth attended by her secretary Sir Francis Walsingham detecting Babington's conspiracy by John Charles Bromley.

Sir Francis Walsingham-Born: 1530, Scadbury Park, Chislehurst, Kent, England-Died: 6 Apr 1590, Seething Lane, London, Middlesex, England Principal Secretary to Elizabeth I of England from 1573 until 1590, and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster". Elizabeth I. nicknamed him her 'Moor'.

A 17th century engraving of Queen Elizabeth I and her two able advisors, William Cecil, Lord Burghley (1st Baron Burghley) and Sir Francis Walsingham.

Elizabeth of Valois - eldest daughter of Henry II of France & Catherine de' Medici. Her father insisted she share her bedroom w/ her future sister-in-law, Mary, Queen of Scots. She had to give precedence to Mary –a crowned queen. The 2 would remain close friends the rest of their lives. Though her sister Margaret & Mary of Scots were prettier, she was still considered attractive. She married to Philip II of Spain. Philip was enchanted by his 14 yr old bride & gave up his mistress.

Sir Francis Walsingham was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I of England from 20 December 1573 until his death. He was one of the first practitioners of modern espionage, he was a member of the queen's court and was known as the spymaster. He was one of Queen Elizabeth's senior advisors. Elizabeth put up with his blunt, often unwelcome, advice, and acknowledged his strong beliefs in a letter, in which she called him "My Moor [who] cannot change his colour".