Detail of a portrait of Sir Franics Walsingham (1536-1589). Walsingham succeeded Burghley as Secretary of State in 1573. He acted as Ambassador to Scotland, France and the Netherlands, while acting as Queen Elizabeth I's "spymaster". It was Walsingham's network that uncovered the Mary, the so-called Queen of Scot's treachery and the Babington Plot.

Sir Francis Walsingham, Elizabeth I's spy master had discovered and nurtured the Babington plot of 1596 instigated by Anthony Babington, Chidiock Tichborne, John Ballard and others. The plot was manipulated by Walsingham to bring about the downfall of Mary. The conspirators were hung, cutdown and butchered. Mary, Queen of Scots was put under stricter house arrest while Walsingham hatched his entrapment of her with double agent John Poley, so she could be legally executed.

Mary, Queen of Scots, age 9

Margaret Tudor, Queen Consort of Scotland, daughter of Henry VII, sister of Henry VIII, grandmother of Mary Queen of Scots

Etching found in an antique shop. Queen Elizabeth attended by her secretary Sir Francis Walsingham detecting Babington's conspiracy by John Charles Bromley.

King Charles I, son of James I, grandson of Mary, Queen of Scots

Princess Elizabeth’s, later Queen Elizabeth I, letter to her sister Queen Mary I. Written just before she was taken to the Tower.

Tireless friend and agent of the Virgin Queen. During Tudor times, Sir William Cecil, Lord Burghley served as secretary and advisor to Queen Mary and later Queen Elizabeth He was eminently a “safe” man, not an original thinker, but a counselor of unrivaled wisdom, candor and honesty in English history. He ably served as the Secretary of State and later as Lord High Treasurer. Queen Elizabeth said of him, "This judgment I have of you, that you will not be corrupted with any manner of gifts...

A letter by England's Queen Elizabeth I expressing her outrage at the imprisonment of Mary Queen of Scots

A 17th century engraving of Queen Elizabeth I and her two able advisors, William Cecil, Lord Burghley (1st Baron Burghley) and Sir Francis Walsingham.

Sir Francis Walshingham by John De Critz the Elder, c.1587. (National Portrait Gallery, London) Sir Francis Walsingham, Principal Secretary 1573–1590. Being Elizabeth's spymaster, he uncovered several plots against her life.

Queen Elizabeth

John de Critz the Elder: Sir Francis Walsingham, 'spymaster' to Queen Elizabeth, c. 1587. Oil on panel. National Portrait Gallery, London.

Queen Elizabeth I

Margaret Tudor, Queen of Scotland, Sister of Henry VIII Portrait of Margaret Tudor (1489-1541) Queen of Scotland from 'Memoirs of the Court of Queen Elizabeth' after a portrait by Daniel Mytens (c.1590-1642),

The Queen and Winston Churchill 24 Nov 1954. Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill beams down upon Princess Anne, her hands demurely folded in a velvet muff, as she waited with her mother, Queen Elizabeth II, and brother, Prince Charles, at Waterloo Station, London, to welcome home the Queen Mother from the tour of the United States and Canada.

Francis Walsingham

Queen Elizabeth I as a doll :)))

Queen Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII, mother of Henry VIII, Margaret, Arthur, and Mary Tudor

This cup once belonged to Queen Anne Boleyn. The church that currently holds the cup, St. John the Baptist in Cirencester, states that it was given by the Queen to Dr. Richard Masters, a physician, who cared for the Princess Elizabeth. He later, in 1561, gave the cup to the church. It is silver gilt adorned with Anne's Royal Falcon. It was once part of her large collection of gold and silver plate.

James V, King of Scotland, Son of Margaret Tudor, father of Mary, Queen of Scots, nephew of Henry VIII