Detail of a portrait of Sir Franics Walsingham (1536-1589). Walsingham succeeded Burghley as Secretary of State in 1573. He acted as Ambassador to Scotland, France and the Netherlands, while acting as Queen Elizabeth I's "spymaster". It was Walsingham's network that uncovered the Mary, the so-called Queen of Scot's treachery and the Babington Plot.
Sir Francis Walshingham by John De Critz the Elder, c.1587. (National Portrait Gallery, London) Sir Francis Walsingham, Principal Secretary 1573–1590. Being Elizabeth's spymaster, he uncovered several plots against her life.
Sir Francis Walsingham-Born: 1530, Scadbury Park, Chislehurst, Kent, England-Died: 6 Apr 1590, Seething Lane, London, Middlesex, England Principal Secretary to Elizabeth I of England from 1573 until 1590, and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster". Elizabeth I. nicknamed him her 'Moor'.
Sir Francis Walsingham was principal secretary to Queen Elizabeth I of England from 20 December 1573 until his death. He was one of the first practitioners of modern espionage, he was a member of the queen's court and was known as the spymaster. He was one of Queen Elizabeth's senior advisors. Elizabeth put up with his blunt, often unwelcome, advice, and acknowledged his strong beliefs in a letter, in which she called him "My Moor [who] cannot change his colour".
Tireless friend and agent of the Virgin Queen. During Tudor times, Sir William Cecil, Lord Burghley served as secretary and advisor to Queen Mary and later Queen Elizabeth He was eminently a “safe” man, not an original thinker, but a counselor of unrivaled wisdom, candor and honesty in English history. He ably served as the Secretary of State and later as Lord High Treasurer. Queen Elizabeth said of him, "This judgment I have of you, that you will not be corrupted with any manner of…
Frances Walsingham (1567-1633), Countess of Essex and Countess of Clanricarde was an English noblewoman. The daughter of Francis Walsingham, Elizabeth I's Secretary of State, she became the wife of Sir Philip Sidney at age 16. Her second husband was Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, Queen Elizabeth's favourite, with whom she had five children. Shortly after his execution in 1601 she married her lover, Richard Burke, 4th Earl of Clanricarde, and went to live in Ireland.