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    Detail of a portrait of Sir Franics Walsingham (1536-1589). Walsingham succeeded Burghley as Secretary of State in 1573. He acted as Ambassador to Scotland, France and the Netherlands, while acting as Queen Elizabeth I's "spymaster". It was Walsingham's network that uncovered the Mary, the so-called Queen of Scot's treachery and the Babington Plot.

    To protect her Kingdom from the Spanish invasion and her throne from the Catholic Church,Mary Queen of Scots,Elizabeth relied on the elaborate secret service organizations of her resourceful secretary of state Sir Francis Walsingham.Often spending his own money Walsingham employed a network of spies at foreign courts which kept him informed of any threats to his sovereign. It was Walsingham who uncovered Anthony Babington’s plot against the Queens life in 1586...

    Etching found in an antique shop. Queen Elizabeth attended by her secretary Sir Francis Walsingham detecting Babington's conspiracy by John Charles Bromley.

    Sir Francis Walshingham by John De Critz the Elder, c.1587. (National Portrait Gallery, London) Sir Francis Walsingham, Principal Secretary 1573–1590. Being Elizabeth's spymaster, he uncovered several plots against her life.

    A 17th century engraving of Queen Elizabeth I and her two able advisors, William Cecil, Lord Burghley (1st Baron Burghley) and Sir Francis Walsingham.

    Sir Francis Walsingham-Born: 1530, Scadbury Park, Chislehurst, Kent, England-Died: 6 Apr 1590, Seething Lane, London, Middlesex, England Principal Secretary to Elizabeth I of England from 1573 until 1590, and is popularly remembered as her "spymaster". Elizabeth I. nicknamed him her 'Moor'.

    John de Critz the Elder: Sir Francis Walsingham, 'spymaster' to Queen Elizabeth, c. 1587. Oil on panel. National Portrait Gallery, London.

    Princess Elizabeth’s, later Queen Elizabeth I, letter to her sister Queen Mary I. Written just before she was taken to the Tower.

    Queen Elizabeth of York, wife of Henry VII, mother of Henry VIII, Margaret, Arthur, and Mary Tudor

    A letter by England's Queen Elizabeth I expressing her outrage at the imprisonment of Mary Queen of Scots

    The Tomb of Lady Catherine Grey (1540 - 1568) and Edward Seymour, Earl of Hertford (1539-1621) Salisbury Cathedral. The younger sister of Lady Jane Grey, Catherine was a granddaughter of Henry VIII's sister Mary, and a potential successor to her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I of England, but incurred Elizabeth's wrath by her secret marriage to Edward Seymour, 1st Earl of Hertford.

    Margaret of France (French: Marguerite de France or Marguerite de Valois, 1553 – 1615) was Queen of France and of Navarre during the late sixteenth century. A royal princess of France by birth, she was the last of the House of Valois.,Daughter of King Henry II of France and Catherine de' Medici sister of Kings Francis II, Charles IX and Henry III and of Queen Elizabeth of Spain. Queen of 2 countries, for she had married King Henry III of Navarre who became King Henry IV of France.

    Queen Elizabeth I at St Dunstans-in-the-West The only statue of Queen Elizabeth I known to have been carved during her lifetime. The statue which dates from 1586 originally stood in Ludgate.

    Portrait of Elizabeth I commissioned by Robert Dudley

    The Queen and Winston Churchill 24 Nov 1954. Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill beams down upon Princess Anne, her hands demurely folded in a velvet muff, as she waited with her mother, Queen Elizabeth II, and brother, Prince Charles, at Waterloo Station, London, to welcome home the Queen Mother from the tour of the United States and Canada.

    The only surviving piece of Anne Boleyn’s enormous and very valuable collection of gold and silver plate. This simple silver gilt cup - topped with her falcon emblem - is now at a church in Gloucestershire.

    Queen Elizabeth oak, Northiam, East Sussex, UK, you might think this 1,000 year old tree is just a tree but it's a very special tree! When Queen Elizabeth I journeyed to Rye on August 1573 she sat under this tree and ate a meal. She changed her shoes of green damask silk with a 2 5" heel and pointed toe and left them behind as a memento of her visit. They are still in existence and are shown on special occasions. They are kept at Brickwall a Jacobean House in the village

    Queen Elizabeth

    Queen Elizabeth I, stain glass window depicting her anniversary of the defeat of the Spanish Armada and visit to Sudeley Castle located near Winchcombe, Gloucestershire, England.

    James VI inherited the throne of Scotland as an infant when his mother, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots abdicated in 1567. Regents governed in his name during his minority, which ended in 1581. When Queen Elizabeth died childless in 1603, James VI of Scotland also became James I of England, uniting the crowns of the two countries for the first time in history.

    A relief from a staircase at the Boleyn family's estate, Blickling Hall, showing Anne Boleyn's daughter, Queen Elizabeth I. Image by YorkieBen, via Flickr.