When War broke out in 1914 their experience as Army nurses in the Boer war gave Matron Nellie Gould and Sister Julia Bligh Johnston invaluable knowledge and understanding to be able to lead Australia’s first contingent of nurses bound for Europe in World War I. They were two of seven Australian Nurses awarded the Military Medal.
Graves of Australian soldiers who died on the Gallipoli Peninsula. In the background is the inscription on the large cross marking the grave of Sgt Robert Henry Bulmer, 3rd Battalion. A pattern maker of Campsie prior to enlistment in the 1st Field Ambulance, Australian Army Medical Corp. Sgt Bulmer was killed in action aged 25 on the Gallipoli Peninsula on 16 July 1915 and is buried in Shrapnel Valley Cemetery.
For Dorothea Chisholm and her fellow nurses, the news that they were being shipped to France came late at night. It was soon after the D-Day landings in June 1944, and Dorothea, who had been working in a children’s hospital in Liverpool, was newly qualified and had not yet seen active service.