The Mogao Caves or Mogao Grottoes , also known as the Caves of the Thousand Buddhas , form a system of 492 temples 25 km (16 mi) southeast of the center of Dunhuang, an oasis strategically located at a religious and cultural crossroads on the Silk Road, in Gansu province, China. The caves may also be known as the Dunhuang Caves, however, this term also include other Buddhist cave sites in the Dunhuang area, such as the Western Thousand Buddha Caves, and the Yulin Caves farther away.
Arabia takes the New Silk Road to China, spurning the West
Illustrated map depicting the journey of the Venetian merchant Marco Polo (1254-1324) along the Silk Road to China. Some doubts have recently been cast on whether Marco ever actually made it all the way to China. His account may have been based on conversations with the merchants on the Silk Road.
Ottoman empire by ~ Byzantinum The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of ... the Ottoman Empire closed the Silk Road and cut all ties with the west. It stopped serving as a shipping route for silk about 1453 with the Ottomans.