In 1967, Kathrine Switzer was the first woman to run the Boston marathon. After realizing that a woman was running, race organizer Jock Semple went after Switzer shouting, “Get the hell out of my race and give me those numbers.” However, Switzer’s boyfriend and other male runners provided a protective shield during the entire marathon. The photographs taken of the incident made world headlines, and Kathrine later won the NYC marathon with a time of 3:07:29.
Tommie Smith and John Carlos raise their fists in a gesture of solidarity, at the 1968, Mexico Olympic Games, a silent protest against the continued Racial Discrimination of Black People in the US. All three athletes wore human rights badges, opposed to racism in sport, on their jackets. Smith and Carlos were expelled from the games. The badge was enough to end Norman's career. He returned home to Australia suffering unofficial sanction and ridicule. He never ran in the Olympics again.
1964- The owner of the Monson Motel pours acid in the swimming pool to force the black children out who attempted to integrate the pool. This is the same hotel that denied entry to Martin Luther King Jr that same year. It became an important location in the St. Augustine Movement, which is a major part of the Civil Rights movement in the 60’s.
Extraordinary Araminta Harriet (Ross) Tubman, born a slave in 1820 to slave parents, escaped North and carried out 19 dangerous missions to the south to save 300 slaves (including her parents) thru the Underground Railroad. She helped recruit men for the Harper's Ferry Raid, worked as a scout and armed spy for the Union, and founded a home for aged African Americans. After the Civil War was outspoken advocate for women's suffrage. Amazing…(km)
This is a photograph of Taylor Washington being arrested in Atlanta in 1964 is on display at the Bronx Museum of the Arts.The photograph became the cover of SNCC's photo book, "The Movement." Photo credit: Danny Lyon