1984, the movie "Gremlins" was released. Steven Spielberg was the film's executive producer and the screenplay was written by Chris Columbus. The film stars Zach Galligan and Phoebe Cates, with Howie Mandel providing the voice of Gizmo, the main mogwai character. "Gremlins" was a commercial success and received positive reviews from critics. However, the film was also heavily criticized for some of its more violent sequences. The film spawned the sequel, 'Gremlins 2: The New Batch'.