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Santiago Ramón y Cajal (1852–1934) is widely regarded as the father of modern neuroscience. He jointly won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1906 with his rival Camillo Golgi (1843–1926), for their contribution to the understanding of the structure of the nervous system.
by Greg Dunn. Dendrite- the bushy, branching extensions of a neuron that receive messages and conduct impulses toward the cell body/ Axon- the extension of a neuron, ending in branching terminal fibers, through which messages pass to other neurons of to muscles or glands.