A decorative and detailed 16th century map of Great Britain and the eastern portion of Ireland. Oriented to the west; the map is from the Cosmographia Universalis. Published by Sebastian Petri, son of Heinrich Petri; stepson of Munster. A distance scale, several sea-creatures and a brief text in German complete the map.
The Gododdin (Welsh pronunciation: [ɡoˈdoðin]) were a Brittonic people of north-eastern Britain (modern south-east Scotland and north-east England) in the sub-Roman period, the area known as the Hen Ogledd or Old North.
Dere Street or Deere Street, (latterly Via Regia in Scotland) was a Roman road between Eboracum (York) and Veluniate, in what is now Scotland. It still exists in the form of the route of many major roads, including the A1 and A68 just north of Corbridge.
St Benedict Biscop was born in Northumbria of a Christian family. He made numerous pilgrimages to Rome, later spending two years taking monastic instruction at Lerins, from 665 to 667, where he was tonsured with the name ‘Benedict’ (blessed). He accompanied St Theodore of Tarsus, the Greek archbishop, back to Canterbury, where Benedict was appointed abbot of the community of Sts Peter and Paul. He was invited by King Egfrith to build a monastery at Wearmouth in 674
Oswald was one of the early Christian kings in Britain. During a period of exile he stayed at Iona and became a Christian there. In 633 he returned to Northumbria. Seeking to establish Christianity in his kingdom, he appealed to Iona for missionaries. Aidan was sent, and together they achieved the conversion of a large part of the district. Oswald was killed in a battle with Penda of Mercia. The English honoured Oswald as a martyr. He was a popular hero and canonised soon after his death in…
Bewcastle Cross - The cross is probably the work of the team of masons and sculptors brought in by Benedict Biscop from the 670s to expand the monastery of Monkwearmouth-Jarrow Abbey, then one of the leading centres of culture in the Kingdom of Northumbria
Stained glass window from the cloister of Worcester Cathedral showing the death of Penda of Mercia at the battle of Winwaed. The battle had a substantial effect on the relative positions of Northumbria and Mercia.
Copper-alloy, gilt, 1.65 grams, 16.68 mm. 6th-7th century AD. A finely detailed pendant in the shape of an axe head with a broad bilinear gilded border with a section of transverse billeting on each edge. Pendants in the shape of weapons are a known custom of Germanic females from later Roman times; the commonest shape is the shield (the ‘scutiform’ pendant), but miniature swords and spears are also known. Pelta-shaped fittings are a common format in the 6th and 7th centuries.
The Bewcastle Cross is an Anglo-Saxon cross which is still in its original position within the churchyard of St Cuthbert's church at Bewcastle, in the English county of Cumbria. The cross, which probably dates from the 7th or early 8th century, features reliefs and inscriptions in the runic alphabet.