August Sander. Composer, about 1925, Gelatin silver print 9 1/4 x 6 7/8 in. 84.XM.126.80 Paul Hindemith (German, 1895-1963) was associated with the concept of Gebrauchsmusik, or "utility music" composed for a specific purpose such as a historical event. Sander captured the composer as deeply reticent and introverted. Despite his calm expression, Hindemith was publicly denounced by Germany's minister of propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, as an "atonal noisemaker."
Richard Strauss, German composer of the late Romantic and early modern eras. He is known for his operas, which include Der Rosenkavalier and Salome; his lieder, especially his Four Last Songs; and his tone poems and other.