A black man fearlessly drinks out of a "white only" water fountain when segregation was at its worst. This photo caught my eye because it displays something I haven't seen in many civil rights pictures: humor. He seems to almost be daring the person behin
The phrase "separate but equal" became symbolic of forced racial segregation in the nation invading almost every aspect of American society, including restaurants, railroads, streetcars, waiting rooms, parks, cemeteries, churches, hospitals, prisons, elevators, theaters, schools, public restrooms, water fountains, and even public telephones. Not until 1954 in Brown v. Board of Education did the Court finally act to overturn the "separate but equal" doctrine.
Image shows several African American youth hanging out around the stairs leading up to the back entrance of a segregated movie theater showing the Tarzan film, Call of the Savage, in Anniston, Alabama, 1937.
White Slaves Mass Campaign: Eight former slaves toured the northern states to raise money for impoverished African-American schools in New Orleans; four children with mixed-race ancestry and pale complexions were deliberately included to evoke sympathy from white northerners.
Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) became a national hero during the Spanish-American War as the leader of the "Rough Riders." As Republican governor of New York, he outlawed racial segregation in public schools. In 1900, he was elected vice president under William McKinley. After McKinley’s assassination in 1901, he became president and was reelected three years later.
Ruby Bridges, the first African-American child to attend an all-white elementary school in the American South, escorted by U.S. Marshals dispatched by President Eisenhower for her safety, 14 November, 1960