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Sotheby's | Auctions - 19th Century European Paintings | Sotheby's

Sotheby's | Auctions - 19th Century European Paintings | Sotheby's

Lot 224: Baumann (European, 20th Century) Oil on Canvas; Undated, signed lower right, depicting figures and animals walking on grass

Lot 224: Baumann (European, 20th Century) Oil on Canvas; Undated, signed lower right, depicting figures and animals walking on grass

NOTHING NEW Beginning in the 19th century, European and American demand for ivory products—everything from billiard balls to piano keys—soared. This photograph from 1912 shows a bull elephant that was killed in a hunting expedition. PHOTOGRAPH BY CARL E. AKELEY, NATIONAL GEOGRAHPIC

NOTHING NEW Beginning in the 19th century, European and American demand for ivory products—everything from billiard balls to piano keys—soared. This photograph from 1912 shows a bull elephant that was killed in a hunting expedition. PHOTOGRAPH BY CARL E. AKELEY, NATIONAL GEOGRAHPIC

Japanese nanban screen from the 16th century that depicts Portuguese creole traders selling animals from faraway lands in a Japanese market:

Japanese nanban screen from the 16th century that depicts Portuguese creole traders selling animals from faraway lands in a Japanese market:

Eighteenth-century European explorers took great interest in the new plants and animals they found. Some likened the kauri tree to the northern hemisphere cedar. This drawing of a kauri tree, with the female and male cones on either side, was made by an unknown artist and published in Frenchman Julien Crozet’s 1783 book Voyage à la mer du sud. Crozet was the second-in-command on explorer Marc Joseph Marion du Fresne’s voyage to New Zealand in 1771–72.

Eighteenth-century European explorers took great interest in the new plants and animals they found. Some likened the kauri tree to the northern hemisphere cedar. This drawing of a kauri tree, with the female and male cones on either side, was made by an unknown artist and published in Frenchman Julien Crozet’s 1783 book Voyage à la mer du sud. Crozet was the second-in-command on explorer Marc Joseph Marion du Fresne’s voyage to New Zealand in 1771–72.

1) 17th century European example; angular, downcurving shank slotted for the five-point rowel, sidestraps of triangular section, large buckle flaring to spatulate terminals, the whole decorated with banding, scrollwork and notched borders. 2) A Mexican spur, 17th or 18th century; long downcurving shank with scrolling animal-head branches, 5 inch six-point rowell, sidestraps worked with scrollwork and fluting. 3) A silver spur, 18th century, possibly American,

1) 17th century European example; angular, downcurving shank slotted for the five-point rowel, sidestraps of triangular section, large buckle flaring to spatulate terminals, the whole decorated with banding, scrollwork and notched borders. 2) A Mexican spur, 17th or 18th century; long downcurving shank with scrolling animal-head branches, 5 inch six-point rowell, sidestraps worked with scrollwork and fluting. 3) A silver spur, 18th century, possibly American,

Ethiopian Coptic Bound Manuscript | "It is a coptic bound Ethiopian manuscript probably from the 19th century, which makes it fairly “young” for a hand-copied codex, yet it demonstrates all the hallmarks of medieval European manuscripts: it is hand-written on vellum (animal skin, probably calf, sheep or goat), it is illuminated, and each page has prickings that were used for ruling (or lining)."

Ethiopian Coptic Bound Manuscript | "It is a coptic bound Ethiopian manuscript probably from the 19th century, which makes it fairly “young” for a hand-copied codex, yet it demonstrates all the hallmarks of medieval European manuscripts: it is hand-written on vellum (animal skin, probably calf, sheep or goat), it is illuminated, and each page has prickings that were used for ruling (or lining)."

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