The Rosetta Stone is a document that was carved in 196 B.C. and honours the Pharoah of Egypt praising him for the good things he had done for the priests and people of Egypt. The document is in three languages - Greek, Hieroglyphic and Demotic.After many years of studying the Rosetta Stone and other examples of ancient Egyptian writing, Jean-François Champollion deciphered hieroglyphs in 1822.
The Rosetta Stone, 196 BC; a fragment of a larger basalt steele, was written in Egyptian hieroglyph, Demotic (a shorthand) and Greek. Found by Napoleon's French soldiers while building a fort, it is now in the British Museum, London.
The Motya Charioteer: The British Museum | Made by a Greek sculptor in Sicily about 460-450 BC. Marble from Greece or Turkey. Found in 1979 on the Sicilian island of Motya (Mozia), off the western tip of Sicily. Flickr.com
An Attic red-figure stamnos from Vulci c. 480-450 BCE depicting the myth of Odysseus tied to his ship's mast in order to resist the enchanting song of the Sirens. The episode occurs during the hero's long voyage home to Ithaka following the end of the Trojan War. Interestingly, the vase shows one Siren descending into the sea which possibly references the legend that the Sirens would die if any sailors ever successfully escaped their clutches. (British Museum, London).