Teaching about theme - some great ideas here. I don't like the one word "themes" on the one anchor chart since they don't correspond to the definition of theme ("the message, moral or lesson..."), but there are some excellent ideas for teaching theme and assessing it here.
Understanding and identifying theme is a higher-order skill that often leaves many students scratching their heads. Use these tips, examples, and resources from Presto Plans to help you along the way. This free bulletin board and activity helps students differentiate between topic and theme by having them write a thematic statement in the form of a social media post (140 characters or less) with a relevant topic hashtag.
The theme of the "In the time of the Butterflies" novel is heroism can be found in the last individual(s) you can think of. That's the theme because Minerva, Mate, and Patria was 3 ordinary girls born on a farm, who Trujillo thought he would were weak and he could control easily like he did the others. But they turned out to be one of most influential rebellious group and political rights advocates of the 1900's.