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Background Chinese Civil War (1945–1949) - This was a civil war in China fought between forces loyal to the government of the Republic of China led by the Kuomintang (KMT) and forces of the Communist Party of China (CPC). While the Communists were struggling for supremacy in Manchuria, they were supported by the North Korean government with material and manpower.

The Chinese Civil War 1945-49 by Michael Lynch

The Republic of China took over the island in 1945 following Japanese surrender. After losing Mainland China to the Chinese Communist Party in the Chinese Civil War, the ruling Kuomintang resettled the ROC government to Taiwan and declared Taipei the provisional capital of the Republic of China in December 1949