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The Disaster of the White Ship In 1120 Matilda's elder brother William Adelin and heir to the English throne died returning from Normandy when his ship, called the White Ship, hit rocks and sank. As Henry I had no other children, Matilda was declared heir to the English throne. Henry made the Barons swear allegiance to Matilda and made them swear that they should crown her as Queen upon his death. One of these barons was Stephen of Blois, Henry's nephew.

King Stephen (1135-1154). House of Blois. 1st cousin 25 times removed to Queen Elizabeth II. Reign: 18 yrs, 10 mos, 3 days. Succeeded by 2nd cousin Henry II. Grandson of William the Conqueror; elected king in 1135. Previously recognized Henry I's daughter Matilda as heiress to the throne. Matilda landed in England in 1139, civil war with fighting between Stephen and forces loyal to Matilda. Stephen recognized Matilda's son, Henry, as his own heir in 1153.

"Sir William Marshal (1147–1219) was an English (or Anglo-Norman) soldier and statesman [who some have] described as the 'greatest knight who ever lived.' He served Henry II, Richard the Lionheart, King John, and Henry III—and rose from obscurity, as a second son, to become a regent of England for Henry III. Before him, the hereditary title of "Marshal" meant head of the King's castle security. By the time he died, people throughout Europe referred to him simply as "the Marshal." Ancestor

Henry II - King of England 1154-1189 Henry was the eldest son of the Empress Matilda and her second husband, Geoffrey of Anjou. As grandson of King Henry I, he helped his mother in her armed attempt to take the English throne from her cousin, Stephen. Matilda eventually withdrew, but Henry continued the fight and forced Stephen to accept him as his heir. Henry was one of the greatest of English Kings. He and his wife ruled a vast Empire stretching from the Scottish Border to the Pyrenees.

The Empress Matilda accompanied by her son, Henry, daughter-in-law, Eleanor of Aquitaine. Holding court.

Fontevraud Abbey in France, the resting place of King Henry II, Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine, Richard I of England, and King John's wife Isabella

Henry 'Bolingbroke' was the son of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. Bolingbroke didn't make it a secret that he thought Richard II was a lousy king and unfit to rule. Richard banished him, and then stole his inheritance (and his title) when Gaunt died. Henry returned to claim his estates, saying that he just wanted back what was rightfully his. But he quite quickly changed his story -- he wanted to be king. He deposed Richard II and became Henry IV.

King Stephan c.1097-1154 r.1135-1154 - last Norman king of England after ousting the legitimate heir, Matilda, the daughter of Henry I. He was succeeded by Henry II, the son of Matilda and Geoffrey Plantagenet. (red socks) Was he Geoffrey of Monmouth's model for Mordred?

Essentially Englandfrom Essentially England

King Stephen of England

Stephen the Usurper! He was the nephew of Henry I, who had named his daughter, the Empress Matilda, as his heir after his only legitimate son died in the White Ship disaster. Because it was unheard of for a woman to rule England, members of the nobility who had pledged allegiance to Matilda while Henry was alive abruptly ditched her for Stephen after Henry I's death. A civil war that lasted years was the result. Stephen managed to hang onto the throne, fighting Matilda's faction to secure…

Stephen (reigned 1135-1154), often referred to as Stephen of Blois, was a grandson of William the Conqueror. He was King of England from 1135 to his death, and also the Count of Boulogne in right of his wife. Stephen's reign was marked by the Anarchy, a civil war with his cousin and rival, the Empress Matilda. He was succeeded by Matilda's son, Henry II, the first of the Angevin kings.

BBC Newsfrom BBC News

'Oldest' bed returns to Ordsall Hall in Salford

The wedding bed for Sir John Radclyffe and Lady Anne Asshawe, dates back to the 1570s. The bed is the only surviving piece of furniture from Ordsall Hall. The Radclyffe family were one of the most influential families in England who served Tudor kings and queens in civil and foreign wars.

Empress Matilda of England. For a brief time Matilda was the first female ruler of the Kingdom of England, even though she was never crowned. Her failure to secure that rule meant that her temporary and disputed period of reign in 1141 was extremely brief. She is often excluded from lists of English monarchs, listing Stephen of Blois as monarch from 1135-1154.

Arthur, Margaret, Henry, and Mary Tudor. The surviving children of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York. Prince of Wales, Queen of Scotland, King of England, and Queen of France.

Henry II (1154-89) Arguably one of the most effective Kings ever to wear the English crown and the first of the great Plantagenet dynasty, the future Henry II was born at Le Mans, Anjou on 5th March, 1133.

Arthur Tudor, Prince of Wales, heir to the throne of England, son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York, brother of Mary, Margaret, and Henry VIII. Married to Catherine of Aragon in 1501, died in 1502.

Elizabeth Woodville (also spelled Wydeville or Widvile; c. 1437[1] – 8 June 1492) was Queen consort of England as the spouse of King Edward IV from 1464 until his death in 1483. Elizabeth was a key figure in the series of dynastic civil wars known as the Wars of the Roses. Her first husband, Sir John Grey of Groby was killed at the Second Battle of St Albans. Her children included the Princes in the Tower and Elizabeth of York; the latter made her the maternal grandmother of Henry VIII.

Katherine Swynford: Katherine became the third wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and their descendants were the Beaufort family, which played a major role in the Wars of the Roses. Henry VII, who became King of England in 1485, derived his claim to the throne from his mother Lady Margaret Beaufort, who was a great-granddaughter of Gaunt and Katherine Swynford.