Sinking of the White Ship in 1120 off Barlfleur on the Normandy coast drowned William Adelin, only legitimate son of Henry I, and brought 20 years of civil war to England between Maud (Matilda), daughter of the king, and Stephen of Blois, the King's nephew. The period was known as The Anarchy (1135-1153), resolved by the accession to the throne of Maud's son by Count Geoffrey of Anjou: Henry II, the first Plantagenet. White Ships, Anglo Norman, Legitimate Male, Empress Matilda, King Stephen, Middle Age, King Henry, Medieval, Male Heirs
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King John of England effigy at Worcester Cathedral, England. John was the youngest son of King Henry II and Queen Eleanor of Aquitaine. He succeeded to the throne after his childless brother Richard the Lionheart was shot with an arrow that hit his shoulder. A surgeon called a "butcher" by some, carelessly removed it. Swiftly the wound became gangrenous. He died days later on 6 April 1199.
Stephen the Usurper! He was the nephew of Henry I, who had named his daughter, the Empress Matilda, as his heir after his only legitimate son died in the White Ship disaster. Because it was unheard of for a woman to rule England, members of the nobility who had pledged allegiance to Matilda while Henry was alive abruptly ditched her for Stephen after Henry I's death. A civil war that lasted years was the result. Stephen managed to hang onto the throne, fighting Matilda's faction to secure the...
On this day 6th January, 1066 the last Anglo-Saxon King of England Harold II was crowned. He reigned for ten months before he died at the Battle of Hastings, fighting the Norman invaders led by William the Conqueror. Harold was the first of only three Kings of England to have died in battle, the other being Richard I and Richard III