Stephen the Usurper! He was the nephew of Henry I, who had named his daughter, the Empress Matilda, as his heir after his only legitimate son died in the White Ship disaster. Because it was unheard of for a woman to rule England, members of the nobility who had pledged allegiance to Matilda while Henry was alive abruptly ditched her for Stephen after Henry I's death. A civil war that lasted years was the result. Stephen managed to hang onto the throne, fighting Matilda's faction to secure the throne for his son, Eustace. But Eustace died young, and Stephen saw the writing on the wall. He and Matilda called a truce -- Stephen would remain king until he died, but the throne would then pass to Matilda's son, Henry, who became Henry II.
After Henry I’s death in 1135, Civil War raged in England between the Empress Matilda and King Stephen (1135-1154). Nottingham Castle was held for Stephen by its constable William Peveril, probably the great grandson of the original builder. Robert Earl of Gloucester, the natural son of Henry I, laid siege to the Castle in 1140, took William’s son prisoner, but failed to capture the Castle.
Stephen (reigned 1135-1154), often referred to as Stephen of Blois, was a grandson of William the Conqueror. He was King of England from 1135 to his death, and also the Count of Boulogne in right of his wife. Stephen's reign was marked by the Anarchy, a civil war with his cousin and rival, the Empress Matilda. He was succeeded by Matilda's son, Henry II, the first of the Angevin kings.
Historic Photographs Of "White" Slaves - Historic photos of "white" slaves from Occupied Louisiana, 1863 and 1864: These children were minority African Mulattoes and most states considered them legally Black for having 1/8th or more African ancestry. As a side note, Sally Hemings was 1/4th African so she and her and Thomas Jefferson's children would have had similar appearance. Racial intermingling, both consensual and non, was much more common in the pre-war South than many tend to believe.
Assistant Curator at the Tower of London, Anna Keay, holds the 15th century crown of Margaret of York. Exhibition held in the Tower of London in celebration of the Queen's Golden Jubilee. The crown left England in 1468 and is one of only two English Medieval crowns that survived the Civil War and is now kept in Aachen Cathedral in Germany.