The Battle of Moscow refers to the German attempt to capture the Soviet capital of Moscow. The goal of the Operation Typhoon, as the German plan to conquer the city was called, was to be the completion of Operation Barbarossa, the German invasion of the Soviet Union which was launched on June 22, 1941. Hitler and his generals were convinced that once Moscow fell, the Soviet Union would collapse.
General Friedrich Kussin (1895-1944), the German commander of Arnhem in the Netherlands, was ambushed and killed by British paratroopers at a crossroads on September 17, 1944 during Operation Market Garden. This is a photograph of Josef Willeke, his dead driver, also killed in the attack by multiple machine gun fire, along with his interpreter, Max Köster. The three Germans were apparently only armed with second-rank obsolete rifles.