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Her personal charms were eclipsed by poor judgments and personal grievances. Marie de Medici (1573-1642) became the second wife of King Henry IV, in 1600. After his assassination, she was regent for her son Louis XIII. She reversed the policies set by her husband and nearly bankrupted France with her extravagance. Her son Louis XIII eventually forced her into exile, where she lived with the artist Peter Paul Rubens. She died in poverty. Her son later repented his treatment of his mother.

It is often said that we do not know how Elizabeth I felt about her mother, Anne Boleyn, and it is widely written that she only spoken of her twice in her entire life...Using a surprising amount of contemporary evidence and a little bit of conjecture based on fact, we can, in fact determine how Elizabeth felt about Anne.-BB. Read more in "Death Could Not Separate Them: How Elizabeth I Connected to Her Deceased Mother"…

♕ℛ. Catherine de' Medici and her children: Charles IX, Henry III, Francis the duke d'Alençon, and Margaret queen of Navarre.

Empress Maria Theresa of Austria (1717-1780; reigned 1740-1780) was one of Europe’s strongest rulers during the eighteenth century. Her daughter, Maria Antonia (Marie Antoinette), was one of sixteen children. Her administration kept the Empire together and she maintained her power in a man’s world, reigning jointly with her son Joseph II while fighting off attacks by Fredrick II of Prussia.

Elizabeth I - Figure from the Museum of Ventura County collection. Historical Figures Collection by George Stuart.