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Marie de Medici - Maria Tuscanny - (1573-1642) became the second wife of King Henry IV, in 1600. After his assassination, she was regent for her son Louis XIII. She reversed the policies set by her husband and nearly bankrupted France with her extravagance. Her son Louis XIII eventually forced her into exile, where she lived with the artist Peter Paul Rubens. Her lifestyle deteriorated as an exile and she died in abject poverty in Germany. Her son later repented his treatment of his mother.

Catherine de'Medici-Queen of France mother of three kings. she brought culture, fashion and art to the French. But most importantly, she brought her Italian chefs with her to teach the French to cook.

Catherine de' Medici, daughter of Lorenzo II de' Medici and of Madeleine de La Tour d'Auvergne, was a Franco/Italian noblewoman who was Queen consort of France from 1547 until 1559, as the wife of King Henry II of France. Born: April 13, 1519, Florence Died: January 5, 1589, Château de Blois Spouse: Henry II of France (m. 1533) Children: Charles IX of France, Henry III of France, Parents: Lorenzo II, Duke of Urbino, Madeleine de la Tour d'Auvergne. Wikipedia

Catherine De Medici, Queen of France. I had little knowledge about her but knew she brought ballets to the French court. I wish there were a film or documentary about her more.

Marguerite de Valois (1553-1615). The most beautiful woman in the world at that time.

Medallion capsule with miniature portraits of Charles IX. v. France (1550-1574) and his mother, Catherine de 'Medici Artist: Francois Clouet between, ca. 1510, Paris.

Gaston, Duc d’Orlèans (1608-1660), younger brother of Louis XIII, took part in many of the conspiracies of the nobles against Louis XIII’s minister Cardinal Richelieu, and against his own brother. A constant irritant to the crown with a duplicitous personality, he was renowned for constantly changing sides to save his own skin.

Marguerite de Valois (1553-1615) conocida como la Reina Margot, era la hija menor de Enrique II y Catalina de Médicis. Ella fue la primera esposa de Enrique IV. Ella era una personalidad excéntrica de considerables dones y talentos. Mantuvo un centro de la actividad intelectual en París en el futuro. Ella y Henry compartían poco en común y su matrimonio fue anulado en 1699. Se quedaron en buenos términos con el resto de sus vidas.

Catherine de Medici (daughter of Lorenzo) Queen of France as wife of Henry, second son of King Francis I, then Queen consort of France as wife of King Henry II from 1547 to 1559. Henry's death thrust Catherine into the political arena as mother of the frail 15-year-old King Francis II. When he died in 1560, she became regent on behalf of her 10-year-old son King Charles IX and was granted sweeping powers. After Charles died in 1574, Catherine played a key role in the reign of 3rd son, Henry III.

Mary, Queen of Scots. She ruled Scotland for 25 years, ending in 1567. Under the laws of succession, Mary was next in line to the English throne after her cousin, Queen Elizabeth I, who was childless. To Catholics, Elizabeth was illegitimate and Mary was the true heir. Elizabeth feared Mary’s ambition but was reluctant to act against her, an anointed queen. After dubious plots surfaced, Elizabeth permitted a trial for treason, and Mary’s conviction and execution.

Elizabeth I,the fifth and final Tudor monarch was the daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.

Marie de' Medicis, Queen of France, as a girl. By Scipione Pulzone? at the Pitti Palace.