Sir Charles Spencer "Charlie" Chaplin (1889 – 1977) was an English comic actor and filmmaker who rose to fame in the silent film era. Chaplin became a worldwide icon through his screen persona "The Tramp". He is considered one of the most important figures of the film industry. His career spanned more than 75 years, from a child to close to his death at the age of 88. His career encompassed both adulation and controversy.