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    Première croisade (1095 – 1099)

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    First Crusade - 1095 - 1099

    Deuxième croisade (1147 – 1148)

    Deuxième croisade (1147 – 1148)

    Troisième croisade ; mésintelligence, rupture et guerre contre Richard Cœur de Lion (1189 – 1199)

    Les croisades. Zoé Oldenbourg

    Pope Urban II at the Council of Clermont of 1095. Illumination c. 1490.

    November 27, 1095: Pope Urban II Orders First Crusade On this day in 1095, Pope Urban II gave rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to wage war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land. Pope Urban’s brutal and bloody war was the first of seven major military campaigns, known as the Crusades, fought over the next two centuries.

    Saint Maurice, ca. 1522–25 This panel, which formed the left wing of an altarpiece, represents Maurice, the Roman legion commander from Thebes who was martyred in the late third century for refusing orders to slaughter the Christians of Gaul. Painted by Lucas Cranach the Elder and his workshop about 1522–25, likely among many works commissioned for the church at Halle, which was rededicated as a collegiate church in 1523, by Cardinal Albrecht de Brandenburg, archbishop-elector of Mainz.

    Attributed to Kunz Lochner (German, 1510–1567). Bard made for Johann Ernst, Duke of Saxony-Coburg, dated 1548. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Rogers Fund, 1932 (32.69) | This full bard comprises a shaffron, closed crinet of plate and mail for the neck, a peytral for the chest, flanchards for the sides, and a crupper for the rear of the horse. #horses

    Départ croisades:le roi louis IX à aigues mortes

    Counquest of Jeusalem (1099).jpg

    Yelmo - Alemania (Nüremberg) - 1535-1540

    The Fulham Sword Roman Britain, 1st century AD The British Museum “This is the characteristic sword of the Roman legionary at this period. Only the handle, and the wooden or leather lining of the sheath are missing. Metallographic examination of the iron blade has shown that the cutting edges have been hardened. The maker has decorated the bronze scabbard plate with embossed motifs. These include the popular Roman motif of the she-wolf suckling the twins Romulus and Remus, the legendary fo

    Tudor sword of Henry VIII @ Ashmolean Museum, Oxford 1500-1600, rock crystal and gilt silver. Said to be given to him by the Pope.

    "The Morosini Helmet" (Visored burgonet) _Milan,1550-60

    Armadura que fue de Don Sancho de Ávila - 1560

    Field Armor of King Henry VIII of England, ca. 1544

    The Coronation Chalice, 12th C. Almost all the Kings of France were crowned at Reims.This was the chalice used-

    Armor, ca. 1400, Italian Steel and brass, Bashford Dean Memorial Collection.

    Monarchs like Henry VII (who united the house of York and Lancaster in 1485) justified their reign and lineage through the most grounded and respectable figure British history had to offer--King Arthur