Windshield wiper inventor Mary Anderson 1866-1953. In a visit to New York City in the winter, she observed that the motorman drove with the front window open because the windshield had falling sleet. Home in Alabama she hired a designer for a hand-operated device to keep a windshield clear and had a local company produce a working model. She applied for, and in 1903, got, a 17-year patent for a windshield wiper.
Nellie Tayloe Ross, on January 5, 1925, became the first female governor in the history of the United States. She is among many Wyoming females who paved the way for women's rights today. Cheyenne is famous for a lot of firsts, but the ladies in our history are our favorite.
Lise Meitner was an Austrian physicist who was part of the Hahn-Meitner-Strassmann-team that worked on "transuranium-elements" since 1935, which led to the radiochemical discovery of the nuclear fission of uranium and thorium, an achievement for which Otto Hahn was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1944. Meitner is often mentioned as one of the most glaring examples of women's scientific achievement overlooked by the Nobel committee.
Clara Campoamor, Defendió e impulsó el sufragio femenino en España. Las mujeres votaron por primera vez en España en las elecciones de 1933.
Alma Rosé (1906-1944) fue una violinista austríaca de ascendencia judía. Su tío era el compositor Gustav Mahler. Alma Rosé fue deportada por los nazis al campo de concentración de Auschwitz. Allí dirigió una orquesta de prisioneros aterrorizados que interpretaron varias piezas musicales para sus captores, para demostrarles así que debían permanecer con vida. Rosé falleció en el campo de concentración, probablemente debido a una indigestión.
Ida Tarbell was an American journalist born on November 5, 1857, in Erie County, Pennsylvania. She was the only woman in her graduating class at Allegheny College in 1880. The McClure’s magazine journalist was an investigative reporting pioneer; Tarbell exposed unfair practices of the Standard Oil Company, leading to a U.S. Supreme Court decision to break its monopoly. She died January 6, 1944.