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"Portrait of William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham" by Jean André Rouquet at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London - More commonly known as William Pitt the Elder (to distinguish him from his son William Pitt the Younger), this was the British Secretary of State during the Seven Years War and many victories have been attributed to his policies. This is why, for instance, when the British took Fort Duquesne from the French, they renamed it Fort Pitt - now the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

William Pitt, later known as "Pitt the Elder", painted by William Hoare in 1754. This was the year he married Lady Hester Grenville.

Pitt's father, William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham (1708-78). Detail of portrait by Richard Brompton, 1772.

John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham, by George Romney, scanned from 'House of Pitt' by Sir Tresham Lever (1947). This is the portrait on which Jacqui Reiter's excellent drawing is based ( It hangs, or used to hang, at Chevening, formerly the home of William Pitt's biographer Earl Stanhope.

William Pitt engraved by John Jones, 1789, after the Romney portrait (which explains why he looks so handsome!) He's wearing his Chancellor's robes, and his right hand rests on a paper entitled "Regency Bill", meaning this print was produced on the back of the recently concluded Regency crisis (1788-89). This represents Pitt at the high point of his career. With the French revolution just around the corner, things were never again to be so rosy for him as at this precise moment.

One of the two main characters, William Pitt the Younger (1759-1806). Here portrayed by George Romney in about 1783, when he was 23/4. Incredibly he was probably already a cabinet minister when this portrait was painted.

PORTRAIT OF JOHN, EARL OF CHATHAM (1756-1835), HALF LENGTH, IN NAVAL UNIFORM AND WEARING THE ORDER OF THE GARTER The sitter was the eldest son of the great statesman, the 1st Earl of Chatham and the elder brother of the Rt. Hon. William Pitt. PROVENANCE: Given by Lord Chatham to Sir William Bellingham and by descent to Sir Henry Bellingham, Bart. Engraved: Valentine Green, 1799

London and the Thames: in pictures

When William the Conqueror seized control of England in 1066, he ordered the construction of several forts on the Thames to defend London against attack. The most famous was the Tower of London, pictured here in the 1400s.

Pitt Panther statue and the Cathedral of Learning on the Campus of the University of Pittsburgh in the snow.

"Portrait of Captain Sir William-Peer Williams, Bt., of the 16th Light Dragoons" by Allan Ramsay (1759) at the Courtauld Gallery, London - I'm actually really excited to see this, because one of my favourite historical fiction series (the "Jack Absolute" series by C.C. Humphreys) has the protagonist serving in the 16th Light Dragoons during the Seven Years War. I've never seen a portrait of an officer from there before, so now I'm definitely stoked.

John Kitts Birth: May 7, 1762 Death: Sep. 18, 1870 He was born at Bloody Run, in Bedford County, Pa., in 1762, and is, therefore, now in the one hundred and fifth year of his age! In 1776, when fourteen years of age, he was a member of the First Pennsylvania Regiment of the Revolutionary War. He was in the battle of Yorktown, and occupied at one time the position of errand boy or messenger to Washington and Lafayette.

V and A Collectionsfrom V and A Collections

Edward Howard

"Edward Howard" by Pompeo Batoni (1766) at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London - For the wealthy young men who embarked on the Grand Tour in Europe, a favourite souvenir was a commissioned portrait in Italy showing the tourist in fine clothes and a Classical setting. Pompeo Batoni was one of the most sought-after artists for these commissions.

From the website: "William Pitt the Younger is dressed in a dark blue coat with brass buttons and a white neckcloth. He also has powdered hair. This portrait of the former Prime Minister is copied from a work by Gainsborough Dupont, the nephew of Thomas Gainsborough. It is one of numerous portraits of Pitt by Dupont, which are all thought to be based on an earlier, original, painted by Gainsborough himself. Gainsborough’s original work is now untraced." Go to the website - you can zoom right…

Love this Vintage Escalator, Kaufmann's (Macy's) Department Store, Pittsburgh - I stumbled upon it a couple of years ago, top of the store

July 1938. "Slums in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania." 35mm nitrate negative by Arthur Rothstein for the Farm Security Administration.

This is the first known photograph of the American flag taken on June 21, 1873. The flag was flown over Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland during an infamous battle between the British and the United States during the War of 1812 that inspired witness Francis Scott Key to pen "The Star-Spangled Banner."