"Portrait of William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham" by Jean André Rouquet at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London - More commonly known as William Pitt the Elder (to distinguish him from his son William Pitt the Younger), this was the British Secretary of State during the Seven Years War and many victories have been attributed to his policies. This is why, for instance, when the British took Fort Duquesne from the French, they renamed it Fort Pitt - now the city of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Silver Celtic Iceni unit. Britain, 1st century A.D. The Iceni were a British tribe inhabiting the area around Norfolk from the 1st century B.C. to approximately the end of the 1st century A.D. They started using coins as a means of payment at around 10 B.C. This particular coin has a stylized horse depicted on it. Other coins would have equally stylized versions of animals.
French & Indian War - This was a war between the French and their indian allies and the British. The war began when the British started moving into the Ohio River Valley. The war was a subset of the Seven Years War that was going on in Europe. The British ended up winning the war and claimed all of North America east of the Mississippi, through the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke (1147 – 14 May 1219), also called William the Marshal (Norman French: William le Mareschal), was an English (or Anglo-Norman) soldier and statesman. Temple Church
"Field Marshal Jean Louis Ligonier" by Sir Joshua Reynolds (1755) at the National Army Museum, London - From the curators' comments: "Taking a prominent role in the government of William Pitt the Elder during the Seven Years War (1756-1763), Ligonier was created field marshal and Commander-in-Chief of the Army in 1757....He is considered by many to have been the greatest British soldier between Marlborough and Wellington."
Soldier of the 58th Regiment of Foot, 1757-1762 - "The 58th Regiment of Foot was one of several British units sent to America in 1757 in preparation for the attack on Louisbourg. Although the siege did not begin until 1758, the regiment saw the capture of the fortress and was present at the capture of Quebec the following year. This soldier is shown in marching order, carrying his pack and haversack."
John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham, by George Romney, scanned from 'House of Pitt' by Sir Tresham Lever (1947). This is the portrait on which Jacqui Reiter's excellent drawing is based (http://pinterest.com/pin/41236152808369651). It hangs, or used to hang, at Chevening, formerly the home of William Pitt's biographer Earl Stanhope.
John Kitts Birth: May 7, 1762 Death: Sep. 18, 1870 He was born at Bloody Run, in Bedford County, Pa., in 1762, and is, therefore, now in the one hundred and fifth year of his age! In 1776, when fourteen years of age, he was a member of the First Pennsylvania Regiment of the Revolutionary War. He was in the battle of Yorktown, and occupied at one time the position of errand boy or messenger to Washington and Lafayette.
"James Murray" by an unknown artist (1765-1770) at the National Portrait Gallery, London - Murray was the one of Wolfe's brigadier generals to stay behind as commander of the troops in Quebec after the city was successfully taken in 1759. After the conclusion of the Seven Years' War, he was appointed Governor of the newly British colony, but was recalled in 1766 (although he would nominally hold the post until 1768) due to conflicts with the new English-American merchants who settled there.