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    • Cecie Jay

      The African olive pigeon or Rameron pigeon (Columba arquatrix) is a pigeon which is a resident breeding bird in much of eastern and southern Africa from Ethiopia to the Cape (682×510)

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    CRIMSON-BREASTED SHRIKE (Laniarius atrococcineus) - lives in open woodland in parts of southern Africa, foraging for insects on the ground or in trees. They are highly territorial. move around actively and with great agility in their territory, continually changing their positions.

    CANYON WREN (Catherpes mexicanus) - found year-round throughout the Rocky Mountain region stretching as far south as central Mexico. Have a very musical, melodious song that is a loud series of liquid warbling notes with gradually descending tones. These are monogamous birds that may remain together as a pair for several breeding seasons. A mated pair of may raise 1-3 broods each year, with multiple broods more common in the southern part of their range. Consume insects, spider

    FIELDFARE (Turdus pilaris) - found year-round in northern Europe and the western part of Russia. The summer breeding range extends much further north and east. Is generally solitary or found only in small groups during the breeding season, but they become quite gregarious in winter. Prefer open forests or woodland edges as well as scrubby habitats. These are relatively noisy birds that have a harsh, raspy voice. They hop on the ground or stay low in shrubbery to glean insects or pick at fruits.

    VEERY (Catharus fuscescens) - gets its name from the cascade of “veer” notes that make up its ethereal, reedy song at dusk and dawn in summer. Breeds in rich deciduous woodland and forest with well-developed understory across northern North America. These birds hop through the forest understory as they forage for insects and fruit. They spend winters in South America. © Bill Benish, Central Park, New York, September 2010,

    LOUISIANA WATERTHRUSH (Parkesia motacilla ) - Breeds along gravel-bottomed streams flowing through hilly, deciduous forest. Eats insects, arthropods, earthworms, and occasionally small frogs and fish. Takes naps during the middle of the day. Unlike when it sleeps at night, a napping waterthrush does not tuck its bill behind a wing. Instead, it pulls its neck into its body, squats down and covers its legs with its body feathers, and shuts its eyes.

    OVENBIRD (Seiurus aurocapilla) - a rapid-fire teacher-teacher-teacher song rings out in summer hardwood forests from the Mid-Atlantic states to northeastern British Columbia. Eats mainly forest insects and other invertebrates: adult beetles and larvae, ants, caterpillars, flies, and other insects. Most of these are hunted in leaf litter, some on leaves. It's nest resembles a Dutch oven: hence the name ovenbird.

    CURL-CRESTED ARACARI (Pteroglossus beauharnaesii) - inhabits tropical moist lowland forests of western Amazonia in southern Peru, western Brazil and northern Bolivia. It has shiny, black curled feathers on its head that look like pieces of plastic or curled ribbon. It is a social bird. It will sleep with up to five adults and their fledged offspring in the same nesting hole. Eats fruit, however, it will also consume eggs and nestlings. They forage in groups.

    WEKA (Gallirallus australis) - Found only in New Zealand. The flightless bird runs swiftly to avoid predators and walks up to 1 mile in search of food, using its bill to uncover hidden treats. It forages for native fruits, invertebrates and small vertebrates, including marine life, lizards, frogs, mollusks, rats and mice.

    CIRL BUNTING (Emberiza cirlus) - smaller than the more familiar yellowhammer & is found across south and western Europe. A bird of farmland, it favors stubble fields in winter - especially barley - weedy fallows and pasture. The young are fed almost entirely on insects, and chiefly grasshoppers in later broods. It is important that there are insect-rich grasslands close to the nest. The adult birds feed primarily on seeds but also take invertebrates.

    YELLOW-BILLED MAGPIE - a relative of the crow, lives in the open oak savannahs of California. It nests in mature oak trees, and eats mostly ground-dwelling insects, acorns, small fruits, seeds, carrion, and the occasional small rodent.. A very social bird, it quickly flocks to the scene of any fight or scuffle.

    CASSIN'S FINCH (Haemorhous cassinii) - a resident of mountains and conifer forests of the West. Does much foraging up in trees, especially when ground is snow-covered; also feeds in weedy growth and on ground. Mostly seeds, buds, berries. Buds of various trees often staple items in diet, also eats seeds of many trees (especially conifers) and some weed seeds. Feeds on berries and small fruits when available. Also eats some insects, perhaps mainly in summer.

    CALLIOPE HUMINGBIRD (Selasphorus calliope) - the smallest bird in North America. Eats mostly nectar and insects. Found in forest glades, canyons, usually in mountains. Breeds mostly from 4,000 feet up to near treeline. Favors open shrubby areas, especially near streams, and may be most common in second growth several years after fire or logging. Winters mostly in pine-oak woods of mountains in Mexico, and migrants occur both in mountains and lowlands.

    WHITE-NECKED ROCKFOWL (Picathartes gymnocephalus) - strange looking passerine with large, sharp bill, long, fairly broad tail and strong legs. The bare-skinned head is quite remarkable with the yellow skin contrasting sharply with the black 'skull-cap' and upper ear area. Lives in rainforest with rugged granite caves, cliffs and overhanging rocks in relatively isolated areas usually close to water. Primarily an invertebrate hunter of the forest floor, also known to take small frogs and lizards.

    HERMIT WARBLER (Setophaga occidentalis) - A denizen of tall western coniferous forests, the Hermit Warbler is restricted to California, Oregon, and Washington. Because it lives in the tops of some of the tallest trees on the planet, it is more easily heard than seen. Gleans insects and spiders from the middle and outer portion of tree branches. Often hovers.

    JABIRU (Jabiru mycteria) - huge tropical stork is found mainly in South America. It is the only member of the genus Jabiru. Lives in large groups near rivers and ponds, and eats prodigious quantities of fish, mollusks, and amphibians. A nest of twigs is built by both parents around August–Sept. (in the southern hemisphere) on tall trees, and enlarged at each succeeding season growing to several meters in diameter. While it is an ungainly bird on the ground, it is a powerful and graceful flier.

    JABIRU or BLACK-NECKED STORK (Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus) - the only stork found in Australia. Found in swamps, mudflats and mangroves. Feeds on fish, small crustaceans and amphibians. The nest is a large platform of sticks and other vegetation in a tall tree near water. Lays 2-4 eggs. Found along coastal and near-coastal areas of northern and eastern Australia.

    WOOD STORK (Mycteria americana) - only native stork in N America, a very large, heavy-billed bird. Flies with slow wingbeats, and flocks often soar very high on warm days. Forages mainly by wading in shallow water with head down, bill in water and partly open; quickly snaps bill shut when it makes contact with prey. Can locate prey by touch or sight. Breeds in colonies. Nests in winter and spring in Florida and eats a wide variety of fish.

    NORTHERN PARULA (Setophaga americana) - Breeds in humid woods where Usnea lichens or Spanish Moss hang from the trees in humid coniferous & deciduous forests, in swamps or along edges of ponds, lakes, or slow-moving streams. Forages sedately among leaves, hovers to take insects from foliage, sometimes hanging upside down on twigs like a chickadee or on trunk like a nuthatch. Occasionally darts out after flying insects, or forages on ground.

    GOLDEN-WINGED WARBLER (Vermivora chrysoptera) - slim, silvery gray birds with golden flashes on the head and wings. They breed in wet, shrubby tangles of the Upper Midwest and Appalachians, and spend winters in open woodlands and shade-coffee plantations. Food items include caterpillars, moths and other insects, and spiders. Feed among foliage by probing their sharp bills into rolled-up leaves to find hidden prey.

    SPOON-BILLED SANDPIPER (Eurynorhynchus pygmeus) - has a spatulate bill. Feeds on larval and adult invertebrates; midges, mosquitoes, flies, beetles, and spiders. Also feeds on plant material including grass seeds & berries. On wintering grounds & during migration they feed on marine invertebrates. Breeds in far northeastern Russia, migrates down Pacific Coast to SE Asia.

    AFRICAN FISH EAGLE (Haliaeetus vocifer) - familar birds of prey on the waterways of sub-Saharan Africa, noted for their haunting call. They swoop down from branches overlooking the water to catch fish which are carried back to the perch or dragged to shore if too big. They also eat birds, monkeys and even crocodile hatchlings. The contrast between the white upper-body and tail, the chestnut belly and the black wings is unmistakeable.

    RUDDY TURNSTONE (Arenaria interpres) - A stocky, brightly patterned shorebird, can be seen pecking, probing, and flipping over stones along rocky shores for searching for aquatic invertebrates and insects. Breeds on rocky arctic coasts and tundra.

    GARGANEY (Anas querquedula) - an Old World dabbling duck, is closely related to the Northern Shoveler and the Blue-winged and Cinnamon Teals. It is found primarily in freshwater wetlands and shallow ponds, where it feeds by filtering small particles from water passed through its bill rather than by tipping up. It breeds across Eurasia from the sub-Arctic to the temperate zone and winters in the northern tropics of Africa and Asia.

    BLACK-RUMPED FLAMEBACK (Dinopium benghalense) - found mainly on the plains in Pakistan, India south of the Himalayas and east till the western Assam valley and Meghalaya, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. It is associated with open forest and cultivation. They are often seen in urban areas with wooded avenues. It has a characteristic rattling-whinnying call and an undulating flight. It is the only golden-backed woodpecker with a black throat and black rump.

    AFRICAN BLACK OYSTERCATCHER (Haematopus moquini) - breeds along the South African coast. The glossy black plumage contrasts with its red eye, & bright orangey-red eye-ring and long bill. Males have blunter, shorter bills. Primary prey are mussels and limpets, but it also feeds on whelks, bivalves & crustaceans. Since the flesh is hidden within a hard shell, it uses its strong bill to cut the muscle that holds the halves of the shell together & stab the prey, or hammer the shell open on rocks.