• Deborah Goschy

    Army sick ward of flu patients.

  • Darby

    Naval Training Station, San Francisco, California. "Do Not Spit On The Floor, To Do So May Spread Disease" sign on the balcony edge of the Drill Hall floor of the Main Barracks, which is in use as an extemporized sleeping area.// influenza epidemic

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Original caption: Flu epidemic, 1918: Telephone operator with protective gauze.

How To Avoid Spanish Influenza Circa 1918 The expert say in effect: "Don't talk to anyone, don't go near anyone, and you are safe"' No doubt. But is not this a little difficult.

Influenza prevention, 1918 pandemic. News poster showing a nurse with a gauze mask (left). The text next to the image provides public health guidance on preventing infection by the influenza virus. Suggestions include covering the mouth when coughing and sneezing. The 1918 Spanish flu pandemic, which occurred in several waves between 1918 and 1920, infected one fifth of the world population and killed between 20 and 50 million. This poster, designed to be displayed in shop windows, was published on 18 October 1918 by 'Illustrated Current News', New Haven, Connecticut, USA. Photograph by Paul Thompson, New York, USA.

News article, 1918 influenza pandemic. This news article was published in 'The Washington Times' (Washington DC, USA) on 6 October 1918, just over a month before the end of the First World War. It includes contemporary theories and opinions on the origin and impact of the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic. This occurred in several waves between 1918 and 1920, infected one fifth of the world population and killed between 20 and 50 million, more than had been killed in the First World War. The second wave of the pandemic, from August 1918, was much deadlier than the first, with high mortality rates among young healthy adults including soldiers.

Found in The Oregon Daily Journal in Portland, Oregon on Mon, Jun 3, 1918. Influenza spreads in Spain

35 squadron members sick with Spanish flu; 3 of them die

Spanish Flu: 401st Ponton Park. John Remick's account: "We left the States just as influenza came in with the result that we brought it along with us."

Spanish Flu Pandemic Begins: March 1918

History in Photos: Louis Edward Nollau. Nurses, Captain Royden, and medical officers; nurses in Gymnasium Hospital During influenza epidemic, 1918

"Say 'Ah-ah-h'" Cartoon by E. Verdier, concerning the distractive effects of a Yeoman (F) on an Officer, published as cover art for the October 1918 issue of "Ukmyh Kipzy Puern", the magazine of the U.S Naval Cable Censor Office, San Francisco, California. The magazine's title is in Bently's Code, and translates as "The Monthly'Gob'". The cartoon, and the face mask drawn in upper right, may refect countermeasures against the 1918-19 influenza epidemic.

Emergency Hospital Buildings, Pneumonia Ward No.1, Plans, Elevations & Sections, Approved 10 October 1918.

"Influenza patients - November 1918," The Office of the Historian and Navy Medicine Magazine, Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, 2300 E Street, NW, Washington, DC 20372.

"Say! Young fellow. Get a mask or go to jail!" Flu epidemic of 1918. From the Hamilton Henry Dobbin collection, 1918.

Edna Blank perished from Spanish influenza in Macon, Nebraska on December 15, 1918.

Bronowski, Szczęsny (1864-1942): Epidemic of influenza in 1918-1920: clinical report (Polish language, click the link to read the book)

Spanish flu masks

School children were also vulnerable to the second-wave flu outbreak. This telegram gives notice that a girl, named Lucy Antone, was getting sicker. According to the National Archives: The flu spread rapidly in institutional settings, including government operated Indian schools. This notification of a student's pneumonia following influenza is one of thousands sent from Indian schools to next-of-kin.

Alexander Graham Bell wrote a letter to his wife on the 8th of December, 1918. In it he comments that the worst of the "Spanish Influenza" seems to be over. His exact words (noted in a typed transcription of his handwritten letter): "The epidemic seems to be subsiding everywhere". That was true, for a time. Then it returned in 1919. Credits Image of Bell letter, online courtesy Library of Congress.

Spanish Flu also severely impacted Japan. The caption of this 1919 poster wishfully states: "If treated quickly it gets better right away." Image online, courtesy Wikimedia Commons.

Cartoon from the 1918-19 Spanish-Flu era, originally published in the New York World and more recently included in article published in Navy Medicine (May-June 1986 issue). Image online, courtesy Library of Congress

The Washington times. (Washington [D.C.]) 1902-1939, October 30, 1918, FINAL EDITION, Page 8

The Bismarck tribune. (Bismarck, N.D.) 1916-current, October 11, 1918

The North Platte semi-weekly tribune. (North Platte, Neb.) 1895-1922, September 19, 1919

The Evening herald. (Klamath Falls, Or.) 1906-1942, October 24, 1918

The Seattle star. (Seattle, Wash.) 1899-1947, September 26, 1918, Page 8