The Hollywood Anti-Nazi League for the Defense of American Democracy sponsored an educational committee which produced this booklet, circa 1937. The cover features a grim and powerful illustration of an individual being crucified on a swastika. This is superimposed over a map of Germany, including symbols denoting concentration-camp locations. Jewish Federation Council of Greater Los Angeles Collection. In Our Own Backyard: Resisting Nazi Propaganda in Southern California, 1933-1945.
An invitation to a "giant public rally," held at the Shrine Auditorium on January 30, 1937, by the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League. The Hollywood Anti-Nazi League was founded in Los Angeles in 1936 by Otto Katz and others to organize members of the American film industry to oppose fascism and Nazism. Jewish Federation Council of Greater Los Angeles Collection. In Our Own Backyard: Resisting Nazi Propaganda in Southern California, 1933-1945 (online exhibit).
Eddie Cantor, 1940s. Although Eddie Cantor was best-known for his comedic acting and singing on radio, stage, screen, and television, he was also devoted to a number of social and political causes. He was the first president of the Screen Actors Guild and among the founding members of the Hollywood Anti-Nazi League. Jewish Federation Council of Greater Los Angeles Collection. In Our Own Backyard: Resisting Nazi Propaganda in Southern California, 1933-1945.
"Propaganda Kit." Exposed by National Americanism Committee Disabled American Veterans. Brochure, New York, ca. 1939. Jewish Federation Council of Greater Los Angeles Community Relations Committee Collection. In Our Own Backyard: Resisting Nazi Propaganda in Southern California, 1933-1945. San Fernando Valley History Digital Library.
Joseph E. McWilliams, head of the Christian Mobilizers, was the speaker at the meeting advertised via this handbill, circa 1941. McWilliams, dubbed "Mr. McNazi" by the anti-fascist community, would go on to be a key defendant in the Sedition Trial of 1944. The meeting was held at McKinley Square Garden in the Bronx. Jewish Federation Council of Greater Los Angeles Collection. In Our Own Backyard: Resisting Nazi Propaganda in Southern California, 1933-1945.
“Growing Up Black in Nazi Germany”, Born in 1926, Hans Massaquoi was the child of a German nurse and a Liberian diplomat. When he was in second grade, Hans was so taken with the Nazi imagery that, at his request, his nanny sewed a swastika to his sweater. Although his mother removed it when he returned home from school, a picture had already been taken.
Germany's Union ("Anschluss") With Austria. 1938 These Austrian girls are full of joy in Salzburg. They will soon be living the Nazi way of life. Turning in Jewish friends, hatin g their Jewish friends and helping the Nazis anyway they can
Orli Wald was a member of the German Resistance in Nazi Germany. She was arrested in 1936 and charged with high treason, whereupon she served four and a half years in a women's prison, followed by "protective custody" in Nazi concentration camps until 1945, when she escaped. She was a prisoner functionary in the infirmary at Auschwitz-Birkenau and because of her helpfulness to Jewish and other prisoners, was called the "Angel of Auschwitz".
Jesse Owens Wins Gold In Nazi Germany The 1936 Berlin Olympic Games were marked by Hitler's desire to showcase Aryan supremacy and American Jesse Owens' refusal to play along. Owens won four gold medals at the games including the long jump. This photo from the medal stand of that event is one of the most powerful images in Olympic history.
The Face of Genocide In April 1945, Canadians accompanying British forces in Germany entered the Nazi concentration camp at Bergen-Belsen. Sickened and horrified by the atrocities they witnessed, these Canadians made a visual record on film and on paper of the war's tragic victims. Note the writing on the back of this photo, which reads: "May we never forget and never let it happen again".
France, 9/1941, A concentration camp of German Jews. The French police helped the Nazi's round up Jewish families,no matter what nationality that lived in France. The Jews then were shipped to a death camp
Children in Theresienstadt - Established in 1941, Theresienstadt concentration camp, also referred to as Theresienstadt Ghetto, was established by the SS in the fortress and garrison city of Terezín, located in what is now the Czech Republic. Tens of thousands of children were held there for months or years, before being sent by rail transports to their deaths at Treblinka and Auschwitz extermination camps in occupied Poland, as well as to smaller camps elsewhere.