Luz Mendez (seated) and her cousin Rosalia, ca. early 1920s. Luz Mendez was the daughter of Antonio Regalado Calvo (1900-1973) and Maria de la Luz Mendez Calvo (1896-1982), who immigrated from Mexico during the Revolution and owned a Mexican restaurant, Las Delicias Café in the city of San Fernando. They had four children and were active in the Santa Rosa parish, a Catholic Church in San Fernando. Antonio and Luz (Mendez) Calvo Family Collection. San Fernando Valley History Digital Library.
during the mexican revolution (1910-1920) nearly 1 million mexicans fled to the united states to escape the violence. many came to los angeles and joined the mexicans who settled here when it was mexico.
LABOR: Mexican cigar rollers at Kohlberg Cigar Factory. El Paso 1915 | January, 1917 Hundreds of Mexican workers block traffic on the bridge between Juarez and El Paso to protest the quarantine policy of the immigration service to forcibly bath and disinfect women who crossed into El Paso to work cleaning the homes of Americans.
The Unknown History of Latino Lynchings Research on Latino lynchings is new. This is a summary of a Harvard Civil Rights-Civil Liberties Law Review article that draws a direct line form 19th and early 20th century Latino lynchings to today’s movements to suppress Spanish and force immigrants to assimilate. Mexican men were lynched for acting “too Mexican,” and “Mexican women may also been lynched if they resisted the sexual advances of Anglo men.” A Fascinating, enraging read.
Mexican Identity: Juana Gallegos's story - While there is no single Mexican immigrant experience, the story of Juana Gallegos is fairly typical of those who migrated in the early 20th century. Born in 1900 in the rural town of Miquihuana, Tamaulipas, Mexico, Juana’s life was disrupted by shifts in agriculture, the building of a national railway system, and the Mexican Revolution. Although Juana left Mexico in 1923, she never stopped visiting her relatives or thinking of herself as…
October 1939. Neches, Texas. "Mexican migrants drinking cold drinks and buying candy at filling station where the truck taking them to their homes in the Rio Grande Valley has stopped. They had been picking cotton in Mississippi."