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Bertha_Heyman, "one of the smartest confidence women in America", "the boldest and most expert of the many female adventuresses who infest the country."

Annie Green -- a pickpocket who always chose her victims froml white men in the Barbary Coast -- the police never could get anyone to prosecute her as they would not admit having anything to do with a black woman.

A scold's bridle is a British invention, possibly originating in Scotland, used between the 16th and 19th Century. It was a device used to control, humiliate and punish gossiping, troublesome women by effectively gagging them. The scold's bridle was also known as the 'gossiping bridle' and was commonly used by husbands on their nagging or swearing wives. The device was occasionally used on men; however, it was primarily used on women who agitated the male-dominated society of the era.

American manufacturer: Edward D. Depew & Co., 14 & 16 Harrison Street, NY - about c.1880 - c.1900. Laudanum, a solution of opium and alcohol, was commonly used as a painkiller and a sedative in the 19th, and early 20th-century, during America's Gilded Age era. (Image: Smithsonian Institution) ~~ {cwl}