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Jerash, Kingdom of Jordan. Jerash is the site of the ruins of the Greco-Roman city of Gerasa, also referred to as Antioch on the Golden River. Ancient Greek inscriptions from the city as well as literary sources from both Iamvichou and the Great Etymology establish the foundation of the city as being by Alexander the Great or his general Perdiccas, who settled aged Macedonian soldiers there.
Persepolis - Iran. Founded c500 BC, Persopolis was the capital of the Achaemenian Empire. It was sacked by Alexander the Great in 330 BC, after which it declined and was abandoned. The ruined city survives on a vast platform with doorways, columns and flights of steps. Bas reliefs show trees and other plants.