Philipp, Prince and Landgrave of Hesse was the head of the Electoral House of Hesse from 1940 to 1980. He was the third son of Prince Frederick Charles of Hesse and Princess Margaret of Prussia (sister of German Emperor Wilhelm II). He was a grandson of Frederick III, German Emperor, and a great grandson of Queen Victoria

Queen Victoria

Her Royal Highness Princess Astrid of Sweden (1905-1935). She married the Crown Prince of Belgium and became Queen of Belgium in 1934. Eighteen months later, at age 30, she died in a car accident.

Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, Later Marchioness of Milford Haven.

The sweetest picture ever made for a royal engagement - Princess Irene of Hesse and Prince Heinrich of Prussia.

Louis Napoléon, Prince Imperial c. 1879, age 22. The only child of Emperor Napoleon III and Eugénie, young Napoléon grew up in Britain after his father was overthrown in 1870. He was intended to marry Queen Victoria’s youngest daughter, Princess Beatrice, but he was killed in 1879 while serving in the British Army in the Anglo-Zulu War. When his body was recovered with 18 spear wounds and returned to his mother in London.

Princess Alice of Hesse Mother of Empress Alexandra of Russia. She was also Queen Victoria’s daughter.

Princess Victoria, mother of Kaiser Wilhelm, was the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria

Princess Alice, second daughter of Queen Victoria, was the mother of Empress Alexandra Feodorovna, wife of Emperor Nicholas II of Russia and maternal great-grandmother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, consort of Queen Elizabeth II.

"King George V, 1895: George, a grandson of Queen Victoria and cousin to Tsar Nicholas II, was given the title Duke of York in 1892. A year later he had married Princess Mary of Teck. Together they lived quietly in York Cottage at Sandringham. By the age of 30, he had young boys, Edward and Albert."

Queen Victoria with great-grandson Prince Edward of York (later King Edward VIII), The Duchess of York (later Queen Mary), and The Princess of Wales (later Queen Alexandra), 1894.

Queen Victoria

Princess Alice, Queen Victoria's 3rd child and 2nd daughter, with her husband Grand Duke Ludwig IV of Hesse and by Rhine. Alice was the 2nd of Victoria's children to marry into German royalty.

Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine, Marchioness of Milford Haven

Another of Queen Victoria's daughters: Princess Louise, on her wedding day in 1871, when she married the Duke of Argyll.

Princess Charlotte of Prussia, daughter of Frederick III of Prussia and Princess Vicky, grand-daughter of Queen Victoria, sister to Kaiser Wilhelm II.

Queen Sophie of Greece. Daughter of Princess Alice of Hesse, granddaughter of queen Victoria.

Arrayed in Gold: The Hesse Sisters

Their Highnesses Prince Max (1894-1914), Prince Philipp (1896–1980), Prince Richard (1901–1969), Prince Christoph (1901–1943), Prince Wolfgang (1896–1989), Prince Friedrich Wilhelm (1893-1916) of Hesse-Kassel

The Hesse Family. Alice, daughter of Queen Victoria, her husband, Louis of Hesse and their children, including the future Duke, Ernst Ludwig, and the future Empress of Russia, Alix.