Sarah Smith Tompkins Garnet (7/31/1831- 9/17//1911) was born to prosperous farmers in Brooklyn and taught at the African Free School before she became the first female African American principal in the New York City public schools. She was married to abolitionist Henry Highland Garnet and her sister, Susan McKinney Steward, was the first female African American physician in New York. #TodayInBlackHistory
Harlem Renaissance Librarian: The Biography of Regina Anderson Andrews (1901-1993), the first African American Supervising Librarian in the New York Public Library system. One of my personal inspirations.
♍ Edward Alexander Bouchet (9/15/1852-10/28/1918; New Haven, CT) was the 1st African American to earn a Ph.D. from an American university and the 1st AA to graduate from Yale University in 1874. He completed his dissertation in Yale's Ph.D. program in 1876 becoming the 1st AA to receive a Ph.D. (in any subject). His area of study was Physics. Bouchet was also elected to Phi Beta Kappa. In 2005, Yale and Howard universities founded the Edward A. Bouchet Graduate Honor Society in his name.
Before Madam C.J. Walker there was Annie Turnbo Malone, " The Forgotten Entrepreneur" (1869-1957) A chemist and entrepreneur, Annie Turnbo Malone became a millionaire by successfully developing and marketing hair products for black women in St. Louis. She used her wealth to promote the advancement of African Americans and gave away most of her money to charity.
Martha Euphemia Lofton Haynes was the first African American woman to earn a Ph.D. in mathematics. Her dissertation, Determination of Sets of Independent Conditions Characterizing Certain Special Cases of Symmetric Correspondence was advised by Aubrey Landry, a professor at Catholic University in Washington, D.C.
Susan McKinney Steward (born March 18, 1847) was the first Black woman in New York State to become an MD. Dr Steward practiced in Brooklyn, throughout the west while accompanying her husband (an Army chaplain), and at Wilberforce University in Ohio. In 1911 she addressed the first Universal Race Congress at the University of London. #TodayInBlackHistory
Teresa Graves - (January 10, 1948-October 10, 2002 ). American singer and actress who made history as being the first African American woman to star in her own television show ‘Get Christie Love!’. She was nominated for a Golden Globe in 1975 for the title role.
Sarah Gammon Bickford (December 25, 1855 - March 22, 1931) left her native North Carolina for Montana at the age of 15. After having been widowed, she married rancher and water company owner Stephen Bickford. When he died in 1900 she continued to operate the water company until her death in 1931, possibly the only African American woman to ever hold such a position. #TodayInBlackHistory
Helped Jews Avoid Arrest. Théophile Larue, a Paris policeman, warned his Jewish neighbors, the Lictensztajns, of the upcoming “Vél d’Hiv” roundup and then, with his wife Madeleine, hid them in his home for a week. To help them flee to the unoccupied zone in southern France, he took them to the train station, helped by a railroad employee. He also contacted his brother-in-law, Robert Cardot, who lived in the southern zone and obtained false papers to protect the family.