July 1833- A bill to abolish slavery throughout the British Empire passes Parliament. The Industrial Revolution has reduced the need for slave labor & major slave revolts have cut into profits in the Caribbean.
AMISTAD | Feb., 1839, Portugese Slave Hunters abducted a large group of Africans from Sierra Leone and shipped them to Havana, Cuba, violating all of the treaties then in existence. July 1, 1839, the Africans seized the ship, killed the captain. Aug. 24, 1839, the AMISTAD was seized off Long Island by the U.S. & the Africans were imprisoned in New Haven, CT on charges of murder. The Supreme Court ruling decided in favor of the Africans, and 35 of them were returned to their homeland.
The schooner Clotilda is the last known United States slave ship to bring enslaved people from Africa to the United States. Constructed in 1855 by the Mobile, Alabama captain and shipbuilder William Foster, the Clotilda was originally intended for the "Texas trade."
Founded in 1526, San Miguel de Gualdape was the first European settlement inside what is now the United States mainland and where some scholars speculate was near present-day Georgia’s Sapelo Island (McIntosh County, Ga.). The first group of Africans to set foot in this territory rose up in rebellion and fought their oppressors before fleeing into the interior and presumably settled with the Native Americans. This incident is the first documented slave revolution in North America.