Greek Fire - Greek fire was an incendiary weapon developed c. 672 and used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire. The Byzantines typically used it in naval battles to great effect, as it could continue burning while floating on water. It provided a technological advantage and was responsible for many key Byzantine military victories, most notably the salvation of Constantinople from two Arab sieges, thus securing the Empire's survival...the formula was a closely guarded state secret…

Greek Fire - Greek fire was an incendiary weapon developed c. 672 and used by the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire. The Byzantines typically used it in naval battles to great effect, as it could continue burning while floating on water. It provided a technological advantage and was responsible for many key Byzantine military victories, most notably the salvation of Constantinople from two Arab sieges, thus securing the Empire's survival...the formula was a closely guarded state secret…

Sack of Thessalonica by Arabs, 904 - Byzantine navy - Wikipedia

Sack of Thessalonica by Arabs, 904 - Byzantine navy - Wikipedia

Description English: Byzantine cavalry driving the Arabs to flight, from the Madrid Skylites, Fol. 54v

Description English: Byzantine cavalry driving the Arabs to flight, from the Madrid Skylites, Fol. 54v

Illustrations from a Coptic Gospel, Damietta, Egypt, 1179-80 Christ devant Pilate Folio 82v. Christ before Pilate

Illustrations from a Coptic Gospel, Damietta, Egypt, 1179-80 Christ devant Pilate Folio 82v. Christ before Pilate

Women listening from the gallery. Image from the Maqāmāt al-Ḥarīrī. MS Arabe 5847, fol. 58v, detail. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.

Women listening from the gallery. Image from the Maqāmāt al-Ḥarīrī. MS Arabe 5847, fol. 58v, detail. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris.

The Byzantine army lead by George Maniace defeats the Arabs in Sicily (1038). Miniature from the Chronicle of John Skylitzes.

The Byzantine army lead by George Maniace defeats the Arabs in Sicily (1038). Miniature from the Chronicle of John Skylitzes.

Illustrations from a Coptic Gospel, Damietta, Egypt, 1179-80 Massacre des innocents Folio 6v. Massacre of the Innocents Fatimid Illustrations Egypt Illustrations

Illustrations from a Coptic Gospel, Damietta, Egypt, 1179-80 Massacre des innocents Folio 6v. Massacre of the Innocents Fatimid Illustrations Egypt Illustrations

20150523: Today in 878, Syracuse, Sicily, was captured from the Byzantine Empire by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.

20150523: Today in 878, Syracuse, Sicily, was captured from the Byzantine Empire by the Muslim sultan of Sicily.

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