Art made by people with disabilities has been called "brut art," "raw art," "naïve art" and "outsider art." The term "outsider" art became the most popular term to refer to art made outside of an academic setting and outside of any relationship to art history. Entire galleries devote themselves to showcasing outsider art. But Creative Growth uses none of these terms.
Bill Traylor, Blue Cat, 1939-1942. In only three years, between 1939 and 1942, Bill Traylor—former slave, factory worker, and homeless welfare recipient, who slept on a wooden pallet inside the [Ross-Clayton Funeral Parlor in Montgomery, Alabama]—created his own extraordinary history of drawing in 1,800 images. Most were preserved by his friend and fellow artist, Charles Shannon.
WILLIAM "BILL" TRAYLOR (1854-1949), was an African-American self-taught artist from Lowndes County, Alabama. Born into slavery, he spent most of his life working as a slave and sharecropper. In 1939, at the age of 85, he took up a pencil and a scrap of cardboard to document his recollections and observations. From 1939 to 1942, while working on the sidewalks of Montgomery, Alabama, he produced nearly 1,500 pieces of art. (photo: c. 1939-41)