This portrait head gives clear proof of the Moche artists’ great ability. The realism and expression of this figure approaches some of the best ancient portrait sculptures in the world. With his high cheekbones, strong nose, and pursed lips, the power of the individual is amply communicated. The unusual oblique lines emanating from his outer right eyelid may be a congenital feature or scarification. ca. 400-550 A.D.
Ancient faces: the Fayum mummy portraits of Egypt During the Graeco-Roman period, after Egypt had fallen first to Alexander the Great and then to the Romans, the old traditions continued. Temples were still built, priests still wrote in hieroglyphics, and the wealthy were still mummified in order to guarantee their place in the afterlife.