Lois Gibbs. In 1978, after discovering her entire neighborhood was built on a toxic waste dump and with no prior experience in community activism, Gibbs organized her neighbors and formed the Love Canal Homeowners Association. She led her community in a battle against the local, state, and federal governments. After years of struggle, 833 families were eventually evacuated, and cleanup of Love Canal began. Her efforts also led to the creation of the EPA's Superfund Act.
Thomas Nelson Baker, Sr. (8/11/1860 - 1940) was the first African American to hold a PhD in philosophy (Yale, 1903). He also held a BA from Boston University and a BDiv from Yale, and was pastor of Doxwell Congregational Church in New Haven, He wrote extensively on racial issues, most notably in his 1904 book Three Great Needs of the Southland, and his work is seen as a precursor to the Harlem Renaissance. #TodayInBlackHistory