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Dr. Alexa Canady became the first African-American woman neurosurgeon in the United States in 1981. From 1987 to 2001, Canady was chief of neurosurgery at Children's Hospital of Michigan. In 1970, less than 10 percent of all medical students were women. By 1975, that number had jumped to just over 20 percent. Women now make up nearly half of all medical students.

A 22-year-old Nigerian student named Emmanuel Ohuabunwa has broke the record for highest GPA in the history of John Hopkins University after graduating from the prestigious school with a 3.98 GPA on a 4.0 scale. He received a degree in Neurosciences and he plans to continue his studies at Yale Medical School so that he can gain a degree in Medicine. He is also a member of Phi Beta Kappa.

Dr. Ben Carson, MD, pediatric neurosurgeon, and the Director of Pediatric Neurosurgery at Johns Hopkins Hospital. He made medical history by being the 1st surgeon to successfully separate conjoined twins joined at the back of the head. His other innovations include the 1st intrauterine procedure and a hemispherectomy. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian award in the US, and received 61 honorary doctorate degrees.

Dr. May Edward Chinn (April 15, 1896 – December 1, 1980) was an African American woman physician. She was the first African American woman to graduate from Bellevue Hospital Medical College and the first African American woman to intern at Harlem Hospital. In her private practice, she provided care for patients who would not otherwise receive treatment due to racism or classism. She performed pioneering research on cancer, helping to develop the Pap smear test for cervical cancer.

Dr. Barbara Ross-Lee is the first African-American woman to become dean of a medical school. [And also the eldest sister of singer, Diana Ross]

The first black woman to serve as a mayor of a major U.S. city was Sharon Pratt Dixon Kelly, Washington, DC, 1991–1995. Read more: Famous Firsts by African Americans (Inventors, Government, Law, Literature, Film) | Infoplease.com http://www.infoplease.com/spot/bhmfirsts.html#ixzz2alRkGsME

June & Jennifer Gibbons were born April 11,1963 and grew up in Wales. They became the subject of books as "The Silent Twins" due to their choice to communicate only with each other, in their own language. They wrote brilliant works of fiction but were convicted of arson, and were committed to Broadmoor Hospital for 11 years. Prior to their release in 1993, they informed the CEO that Jennifer would have to die, "to allow June to be free." On that very day, Jennifer died suddenly at aged 29.

Isabel Wilkerson, the first African American/Black woman to win the Pulitzer Prize in journalism and author of the masterpiece book: "The Warmth of Other Sons." She studied journalism at Howard University where she was editor-in-chief for the Howard University Hilltop student newspaper.

Dr. Condoleezza Rice, PhD, political scientist, pianist, professor and diplomat. She was the 1st African American woman, the 2nd African American and the 2nd woman to serve as United States Secretary of State. She was the 1st woman to serve as National Security Advisor. She has been criticized for her connection to George W. Bush, WMD/Iraq War, her conservative views and lack of engagement with the Black community. She is currently a Stanford University professor & Hoover Institute sr…

Dr. Eliza Ann Grier. Born a slave she became the first African American to practice medicine in Georgia. Something very important that everybody should know about, that this woman made medical and African American history and human history.

Jeanine McIntosh Menze holds the distinction of becoming the first African-American female in the United States Coast Guard to earn the Coast Guard Aviation designation. At the time of her graduation, she was the first African-American female aviator in the history of the U.S. Coast Guard.

Azie Taylor Morton is the only African American to serve as Treasurer of the United States. She was appointed in 1977 during the Carter administration. (via the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History)

When visionary scientist, educator and public policy innovator Dr. Shirley Ann Jackson received her doctorate in physics, she was one of the first two African American women to do so in the United States.

Today in Black History, 11/4/2013 - Carol Elizabeth Moseley Braun became the first, and currently only, African American woman elected to the United States Senate. For more info, check out today's notes!

Nathan Francis Mossell (1856-1946) was a Black American doctor who helped establish the first Black hospital in Philadelphia.

Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher 1948 Ada Lois Sipuel When denied admission on the basis of race, Fisher filed a suit asserting that she must be admitted to the OU Law School since there was no comparable facility for African American students. Losing in state courts, Marshall argued the case before the Supreme Court which reversed the lower courts in 1948

Dr. Dorothy Lavinia Brown (January 7, 1919 – June 13, 2004, also known as "Dr. D.", was an African-American surgeon, legislator, and teacher. She was the first female surgeon of African-American ancestry from the Southeastern United States. She was also the first African American to serve in the Tennessee General Assembly having been elected to the Tennessee House of Representatives.

Dr. Susan LaFlesche Picotte (1865-1915) Dr. Picotte was the first American Indian woman in the United States to receive a medical degree, graduating at the top of her class at the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania in 1889. After her internship, she returned to the Omaha Reservation in Nebraska to care for more than 1,200 of her own native people at the government boarding school. She opened a hospital in the reservation town of Walthill, Nebraska in 1913, two years before her death.

Mary Mahoney Known for her amazing achievements as not only a nurse, but an African American during her time, as she would become the first registered African American nurse.

Alfred Masters (February 5, 1916 - June 16, 1975) was the first African American to serve in the United States Marines being sworn in on June 1, 1942. For more info, check out today's blog!