Amelia Earhart, 1940. Earhart is probably the most famous female pilot in aviation history, due both to her aviation career and her mysterious disappearance. She promoted "airmindedness" at a time when most people were skeptical about airplanes as a form of transportation. Her confident personal and media presence reached millions in the 1920s and 1930s and still resonates today. SI-78-16945
A Japanese woman awaits treatment, her back scarred by the patten of the dress she was wearing when the world’s first atomic bomb used in warfare fell on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Since white colors repelled the bomb’s heat and dark colors absorbed it, fabric designs were burned into the skin.