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Robert Cushman Murphy Collection: papers, circa. 1895-1965. 3.35 cubic ft. Naturalist, scientist and environmentalist. Correspondence, typescripts, photographs, negatives, notebooks, journals, book reviews and slides concerning the worldwide travels and natural history studies of the Long Island (N.Y.) naturalist (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Robert M. Emery Long Island Rail Road Collection: Detailed pencil drawings of Long Island Rail Road tracks, with explanatory notes by Emery; over 5,000 identified photographs and postcards of construction, wrecks, engines, trains, depots, conductors, and other railroad scenes; 262 timetables; and other material relating to the railroad. Image: Stony Brook, station, 1905 (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Richard F. Welch Collection: study of early Long Island and regional gravestones (c.1680 to 1810). Headstone of Susannah Wiggins, 7 July 1791, Sterling Cemetery, Greenport, NY (image 10 from the Welch Collection) (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Charles Darwin 1809 - 1882 English naturalist. Proposed the theory of natural selection in evolution. Wrote famous " On Origin of Species". 5 year study voyage on the ship "Beagle". Honoured with burial at Westminster Abbey. Described as one of the most influential figures in human history.

Map Collection: Special Collections maintains maps and atlases of Long Island and New York State, dating back to the seventeenth century with Willem Janszoon Blaeu's New Belgium and New England (ca. 1640). The map and atlas collections can be searched in STARS, the University Libraries' online catalog (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Jacqueline M. Newman Chinese Cookbook Collection: more than 7,000 books and items relating to Chinese food history and herbal medicine, including the largest English-language Chinese cookbook collection in existence (over 3,000), journals and magazines, videos, and filmstrips (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Pietro di Donato Collection: Manuscripts, notebooks, photographs, books, and artifacts, circa 1923-1993. 12 cubic ft. Organization: series arrangement by document type and format. A collection of manuscript and published material that documents the life of author, playwright, and bricklayer Pietro di Donato (1911-1992) (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Alexander Fleming (1881-1955): This Scottish doctor was growing bacteria on petri dishes when he noticed that some dishes had grown moldy. Before he threw out the dishes, he noticed that the mold seemed to have killed the bacteria he was growing. He called the substance Penicillin, and it was the very first antibiotic.

Haeckel (left) with Nicholai Miklukho-Maklai, his assistant, in the Canaries, 1866.

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Stephen Jay Gould on “The Bell Curve”

1. Stephenjaygould - We are here because one odd group of fishes had a peculiar fin anatomy that could transform into legs for terrestrial creatures; because the earth never froze entirely during an ice age; because a small and tenuous species, arising in Africa a quarter of a million years ago, has managed, so far, to survive.

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34 American Lady Scientists Who Changed The World

Roger Arliner Young (1889–1964) was a zoologist and biologist and the first African-American woman to receive a doctorate in zoology. During her long career she studied radiation, paramecium, and hydration and dehydration of living cells.

Day 4: Nettie Stevens (1861 – 1912). Biologist. Scientist at Bryn Mawr College. Discovered that the X and Y chromosome were responsible for determining the sex of individuals.

Elise Depew Strang L'Esperance (1878-1959), Cornell University, shown here in 1951 with her Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award, was a pioneer in cancer treatment for women and had received the award jointly with Catherine Macfarlane. She earned an M.D. in 1902 but by 1908 had shifted from medical practice to research, becoming professor of pathology at Cornell University Medical College in 1920. In 1937, she founded the first cancer clinic focused on treatment of women

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Ada Lovelace Day: Women Tech Accomplishments [Infographic]

Great infographic covering key contributions made by women in science.

Aziz Nacib Ab'Sáber (October 24, 1924 – March 16, 2012) was an environmentalist and one of Brazil´s most respected scientists, honored with the highest awards of Brazilian science in geography, geology, ecology and archaeology.