Robert Cushman Murphy Collection: papers, circa. 1895-1965. 3.35 cubic ft. Naturalist, scientist and environmentalist. Correspondence, typescripts, photographs, negatives, notebooks, journals, book reviews and slides concerning the worldwide travels and natural history studies of the Long Island (N.Y.) naturalist (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

William Butler Yeats Collection: the most extensive collection of the famed Irish poet and author's manuscripts (facsimiles) housed outside of Ireland (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Robert M. Emery Long Island Rail Road Collection: Detailed pencil drawings of Long Island Rail Road tracks, with explanatory notes by Emery; over 5,000 identified photographs and postcards of construction, wrecks, engines, trains, depots, conductors, and other railroad scenes; 262 timetables; and other material relating to the railroad. Image: Stony Brook, station, 1905 (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Long Island Historical Postcard Collection (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Senator Jacob K. Javits Collection: "It is my hope and expectation that this collection of my official papers will be a stimulus for enterprising minds and a source of creativity in human and governmental endeavors. The lessons of both experience and moderation may be made to serve effectively for the solution of problems already crystallized or indicated in my time" (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Illustration by Robert J. Markell. Scene from George Balanchine’s live televised production of Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker. The ballet aired in December 1957 as part of the CBS series Seven Lively Arts. From the Robert J. Markell Collection, Special Collections, Stony Brook University Libraries (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Oversized pin, Jacob K. Javits for United States Senator, circa 1956: Political Buttons Collections (B), (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

William A. Higinbotham Game Studies Collection contributes directly to the study of video games as popular culture and to their historical longevity (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Oversized pin, Nelson A. Rockefeller for Governor (New York), circa 1958: Political Buttons Collections (B), (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Explore the The Long Island Historical Journal (digitized editions) (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

Frederik de Wit. Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Tabula, circa 1668 (credit: Special Collections and University Archives, Stony Brook University).

1. Stephenjaygould - We are here because one odd group of fishes had a peculiar fin anatomy that could transform into legs for terrestrial creatures; because the earth never froze entirely during an ice age; because a small and tenuous species, arising in Africa a quarter of a million years ago, has managed, so far, to survive.

Charles Darwin 1809 - 1882 English naturalist. Proposed the theory of natural selection in evolution. Wrote famous " On Origin of Species". 5 year study voyage on the ship "Beagle". Honoured with burial at Westminster Abbey. Described as one of the most influential figures in human history.

Roger Arliner Young (1889–1964) was a zoologist and biologist and the first African-American woman to receive a doctorate in zoology. During her long career she studied radiation, paramecium, and hydration and dehydration of living cells.

David Suzuki, Scientist/Environmentalist

Elise Depew Strang L'Esperance (1878-1959), Cornell University, shown here in 1951 with her Lasker Clinical Medical Research Award, was a pioneer in cancer treatment for women and had received the award jointly with Catherine Macfarlane. She earned an M.D. in 1902 but by 1908 had shifted from medical practice to research, becoming professor of pathology at Cornell University Medical College in 1920. In 1937, she founded the first cancer clinic focused on treatment of women

Day 4: Nettie Stevens (1861 – 1912). Biologist. Scientist at Bryn Mawr College. Discovered that the X and Y chromosome were responsible for determining the sex of individuals.

Great infographic covering key contributions made by women in science.

Aziz Nacib Ab'Sáber (October 24, 1924 – March 16, 2012) was an environmentalist and one of Brazil´s most respected scientists, honored with the highest awards of Brazilian science in geography, geology, ecology and archaeology.

Rosalind Franklin (1920-1958) est une biologiste moléculaire britannique qui participa à la découverte de la structure de l'ADN.

“One way to open your eyes is to ask yourself, "What if I had never seen this before? What if I knew i would never see it again?” ― Rachel Carson, marine biologist, environmentalist, writer. Silent Spring (1962) spurred a reversal in national pesticide policy, which led to a nationwide ban on DDT and other pesticides, and inspired a grassroots environmental movement that led to the creation of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency