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The Sphinx nose was hacked off by Islamic Arabic invaders who believed that images of things were sinful. Facing east towards the rising sun shifting sands covered it for centuries. It was dug out in 1925. Restored many times by multiple dynasties and rulers. And also by the Ptolemies and Romans. Not known who the Sphinx depicts though definitely a pharaoh. Built before the reign of Khufu, one of the greatest mysteries is extensive water damage despite being on the edge of the Saharan…

Perfume bottle in the shape of a hes-vase inlaid with the figure of a princess Period: New Kingdom, Amarna Period Dynasty: Dynasty 18 Reign: reign of Akhenaten Date: ca. 1353–1336 B.C. Geography: Egypt

Stela of Raneb Period: Dynasty 2 Dynasty: Dynasty 2 Reign: reign of Raneb Date: ca. 2880 B.C. Geography: Egypt, Memphite Region, Saqqara; includes the Serapeum, Tomb of Raneb, probably Medium: Granite

Large Kneeling Statue of Hatshepsut Period: New Kingdom Dynasty: Dynasty 18 Reign: Joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III Date: ca. 1473–1458 B.C. Geography: Egypt, Upper Egypt; Thebes, Deir el-Bahri, Senenmut Quarry & Mentuhotep Causeway, MMA 1927-1928 Medium: Granite

STAR GATES: Menat of Taharqo, Late Period, WHAT IS THE MESSAGE??? WHAT DO YOU SEE??? Dynasty 25, reign of Taharqo, ca. 690–664 b.c.The Metropolitan Museum of Art

An Egyptian New Kingdom Cedar Wood Ushabti of Yuya cedar wood and ink, New Kingdom,Dynasty XVIII.Reing of Amenothep III,ca 1390-1352 BC

On the stela, Isis speaks and recounts that while she and Horus were still hiding in the marshes, the child became ill. In her despair, she cried for help to the "Boat of Eternity" (the sun boat in which the god travels over the sky), "and the sun disk stopped opposite her and did not move from his place." Thoth was sent from the sun boat to help Isis and cured Horus by reciting a catalogue of spells. The spells always ended with the phrase "and the protection of the afflicted as well,"…

This painter's palette was carved from a single piece of ivory and tinted with red and black stain. Six oval wells contain cakes of pigments including blue, green, brown(?), yellow, red, and black. The oval cartouche at one end encircles the throne name of Amenhotep III, Nebmaatre, and the epithet "beloved of Re."

Solar Boat This cedar boat is one of two found by the Great Pyramid at Giza, intact but dismantled. It took 12 years to reconstruct it. There is another one still in its original pit, and there were three additional pits on the other side that were empty. The king needed 2 to travel with the sun across the sky, 2 to travel through the night, and one to cross to the underworld