An early homestead in Nicodemus, Kansas, one of the first and most successful black towns. Nicodemus was founded in 1878, by Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, a businessman from Tennessee and president of a committee to invite African-Americans to come to "Sunny Kansas." (Benjamin "Pap" Singleton, third from left in photo.)
On This Day 1904: Mary McLeod Bethune opens her first school for African-American students in Daytona Beach, Florida. The school eventually became Bethune-Cookman University and Bethune went on to become an advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt.