The oldest known dictionaries are cuneiform tablets from the Akkadian empire with bilingual word lists in Sumerian and Akkadian discovered in Ebla in modern Syria. The Urra=hubullu glossary, a major Babylonian glossary or encyclopedia from the second millennium BCE, preserved in the Louvre, is an outstanding example of his early form of wordlist. Modern History, The Louvre, Circa 2 300, Sumerian Akkadian Lexicon, Paris France, Cuneiform Tablet, Book History, Dictionary Circa, 2 300 Bce
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Sumerian ("native tongue") is the language of ancient Sumer, which was spoken in southern Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) from at least the 4th millennium BCE. During the 3rd millennium BCE, there developed a very intimate cultural symbiosis between the Sumerians and the Akkadians, which included widespread bilingualism.
Kish (Sumerian: Kiš; transliteration: Kiŝki; cuneiform: ; Akkadian: kiššatu) is modern Tell al-Uhaymir (Babil Governorate, Iraq), and was an ancient city of Sumer. Kish is located some 12 km east of Babylon, and 80 km south of Baghdad (Iraq).